Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 30, Issue 21, pp 5508–5513 | Cite as

Preparation and characterization of nanoscale Y-TZP powder by heterogeneous azeotropic distillation

  • Haibo Qiu
  • Lian Gao
  • Chude Feng
  • Jingkun Guo
  • Dongsheng Yan


A heterogeneous azeotropic distillation process was effectively used to dehydrate hydrous zirconia and therefore prevent the formation of hard agglomerates in the preparation of nanoscale zirconia powder. The mechanism of azeotropic distillation to prevent hard agglomerate from forming was studied by investigating the interaction of hydrous zirconia with n-butanol. The prepared powder was sintered to 99.5% of theoretical density by slow-sintering (average grain size of ∼200 nm), 97.5% by fast-sintering (average grain size of ∼120 nm) at 1250°C.


Polymer Grain Size Zirconia Material Processing Theoretical Density 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    H. Hahn, J. Logas and R. S. Averback, J. Mater. Res. 5 (1990) 609.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    M. J. Readey, R. R. Lee, J. W. Halloran and A. H. Heuer, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 73 (1990) 1499.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    K. Haberko, A. Clesla and A. Pron, Ceramurgia Int. 1 (1975) 111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    S. J. Jones and C. J. Norman, J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 71 (1988) C-191.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    M. S. Kaliszewski and A. H. Heuer, Ibid. 73 (1990) 1504.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    H. K. Bowen, W. E. Rhine, and T. Kanai, In “Ceramic transactions, Vol. 1A, ceramic powder science II”, edited by G. L. Messing. E. R. Fuller Jr and H. Hausner (American Ceramic Society, Westerville, OH, 1988) p. 119.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    S. D. Ramamurthi, Z. Xu, and D. A. Payne J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 73 (1990) 2760.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    CRC Handbook of chemistry and physics, 59th edition 1978–1979, edited by R. C. Weast and M. J. Astle, (CRC Press, Inc., Florida) D-1.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    L. M. Zaitsev, Russ. J. Inorg. Chem.(Engl. Transl.) 11 (1968) 900.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    M. E. Winfield, In “Catalysis Vol VII”, edited by P. H. Emmett, (Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York, 1960) p. 103.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    S. Berkman, J. C. Morrell, and G. Egloff, in “Catalysis: inorganic and organic” (Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York, 1940) p. 549.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    K. Haberko, Ceramurgia Int. 5 (1979) 148.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Haibo Qiu
    • 1
  • Lian Gao
    • 1
  • Chude Feng
    • 1
  • Jingkun Guo
    • 1
  • Dongsheng Yan
    • 1
  1. 1.State Key Laboratory on High Performance Ceramics and Superfine Microstructure Studies, Shanghai Institute of CeramicsChinese Academy of SciencesShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China

Personalised recommendations