Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 29, Issue 4, pp 887–893 | Cite as

Chemorheology of epoxy resin

Part II Polyurethane-cross-linked epoxy resin cured with a tertiary amine
  • K. C. Cheng
  • W. Y. Chiu
  • K. H. Hsieh
  • C. C. M. Ma


A secondary hydroxyl group containing epoxy resin was reacted and cross-linked with polyurethane (PU). This PU-cross-linked epoxy resin was cured with a tertiary amine and the viscosity and dynamic mechanical properties were determined by a cone-and-plate rheometer. A dual Arrhenius viscosity model was modified to predict the viscosity profile with time before gelation during non-isothermal curing, and the calculated values coincided with the experimental data. The activation energy of this system (NCO/OH ratio=30 mol%) calculated by the modified model was 13kcal mol−1 for the initial region, and 16.8 kcal mol−1 for the final region. After gelation, the dynamic complex modulus was correlated to the reaction kinetics according to the rubber elasticity theory, and the activation energy calculated was 5.2 kcal mol−1. These activation energies are all lower than those of the unmodified epoxy resin system. Consequently, the reaction rate of the PU-cross-linked epoxide system was less affected by temperature than that of the unmodified epoxide system. It was also found that the rate of increase of viscosity and dynamic moduli decreased with increasing PU content. The gelling point was estimated by rheological measurements.


Activation Energy Polyurethane Tertiary Amine Complex Modulus Dynamic Mechanical Property 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    C. A. May, in “Epoxy Resins-Chemistry and Technology” edited by C. A. May (Dekker, New York, 1988) p. 1.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    C. B. Bucknall and T. Yoski, Br. Polym. J. 10 (1978) 53.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    E. H. Rowe, in “26th Annual Technical Conference on Reinforced Plastics/Composites”, Division of SPI., Section 12-E (1971) p. 1.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    E. H. Rowe A. R. Siebert and R. S. Drake, Mod. Plast. 47 (1970) 110.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. N. Sulton and F. J. Mcgarry, Polym. Eng. Sci. 13 (1973) 29.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    C. B. Bucknall, “Toughened Plastics” (Applied Science, London, 1977) p. 33.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    L. H. Sperling, “Interpenetrating Polymer Networks and Related Materials” (Plenum Press, New York, 1981) p. 99.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    K. H. Hsieh and J. L. Han, J. Chin. I. Ch. E. 29 (1988) 283.Google Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. L. Han, S. M. Tseng, J. H. Mai and K. H. Hseih, Angrew. Makromol. Chem. 182 (1990) 193.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Idem, ibid. 184 (1991) 89.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    K. C. Cheng, W. Y. Chiu, K. H. Hsieh and C. C. M. Ma, J. Mater. Sci. 29 (1994) 721–727.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    F. G. Mussatti and C. W. Macosko, Polym. Eng. Sci 13 (1973) 236.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    P. E. Willard, ibid. 14 (1974) 273.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    C. Hepburn, “Polyurethane Elastomer” (Applied Science, London, 1982) p. 280.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    R. P. White Jr, Polym. Eng. Sci. 14 (1974) 50.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    C. M. Tung and P. J. Dynes, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 27 (1982) 569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    H. H. Winter, Polym. Eng. Sci. 21 (1987) 1698.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    J. K. Gillham, ibid. 19 (1979) 319.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Idem, ibid. 19 (1979) 676.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    A. Y. Malkin and S. G. Kulichikhin, Adv. Polym. Sci. 101 (1991) 217.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. C. Cheng
    • 1
  • W. Y. Chiu
    • 1
  • K. H. Hsieh
    • 1
  • C. C. M. Ma
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of Chemical EngineeringNational Taiwan UniversityTaipeiTaiwan
  2. 2.Department of Chemical EngineeringNational Tsing Hua UniversityHsinchuTaiwan

Personalised recommendations