Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 29, Issue 7, pp 1935–1939 | Cite as

Mechanical alloying of Fe-Al intermetallics in the DO3 composition range

  • G. H. Fair
  • J. V. Wood


Binary Fe-Al intermetallics with compositions ranging between 10 and 30 at% have been produced by mechanical alloying. The elemental powders were milled together resulting in the dissolution of the Al atoms into the Fe lattice. Subsequent heat treatment of the compacted powder resulted in the formation of the intermetallic. However, complete suppression of the DO3 (Fe3Al) structure in favour of the B2 (FeAl) structure was observed. The suppression of the DO3 structure is considered to be due to the presence of the high density of defects resulting from the heavy deformation incurred during milling. At Al compositions below 22 at%, X-ray diffraction revealed a b c c phase with lattice parameters varying between those of α-Fe and the B2 intermetallic. The structure tended towards that of α-Fe with lower Al contents indicating a decreasing number of Al atoms available to occupy B2 lattice sites. A fine grain size and evidence of tearing indicate that mechanically alloyed Fe-Al intermetallics in the DO3 composition range are ductile at room temperature.


Heat Treatment Milling Lattice Site Mechanical Alloy Fe3Al 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    N. S. Stoloff and R. G. Davies, Prog. Mater. Sci. 13 (1966) 3.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    N. S. Stoloff, Int. Mater. Rev. 34(4) (1989) 153.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    M. Yamaguchi and Y. Umakoshi, Prog. in Mater. Sci. 34 (1990) 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    C. C. Koch, Int. Mater. Rev. 33(4) (1988) 201.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    U. Prakash, R. A. Buckley, H. Jones and C. M. Sellars, ISIJ Int. 31 (1991) 1112.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    K. Aoki and O. Izumi, Nippon Kimzoku Gakkaishi 43 (1979) 1190.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    C. T. Liu and C. L. White, Mater. Res. Soc. Symp. Proc. 39 (1985).Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    C. G. McKamey, J. H. Devan, P. F. Tortorelli and V. K. Sikka, J. Mater. Res. 6 (1991) 1779.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    A. Bahadur and O. N. Mohanty, J. Mater. Sci. 26 (1991) 2685.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    J. S. Benjamin, Metall. Trans. 1 (1970) 2943.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    R. Sundaresan and F. H. Froes, J. Metals 8 (1987) 23.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    J. S. Benjamin, in “New Materials by Mechanical Alloying Techniques”, Conference Proceedings Calw-Hirasu, FRG 3–5 October 1988, edited by E. Arzt and L. Schultz (Deutsche Gesellshaft fur Metallkunde e.V. Oberursel, FRG, 1988) p. 3.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    M. Tokizane, K. Ameyama and H. Sugimoto, in “Solid State Powder Processing”, edited by A. H. Clauer and J. J. deBarbadillo (Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Indiana, USA, 1990) p. 67.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    G. LeCaer, P. Matteazzi and B. Fultz, J. Mater. Res. 7 (1992) 1387.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    U. Prakash, R. A. Buckley and H. Jones, Mater. Sci. Eng. A133 (1991) 588.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    G. Cocco, I. Soletta, L. Battezzati, M. Baricco and S. Enzo, Philos. Mag. B 61 (1990) 473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    C. C. Koch, in “Solid State Powder Processing”, edited by A. H. Clauer and J. J. Debarbadillo (Minerals, Metals and Materials Society, Indiana, USA, 1990) p. 35.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    D. Paris, D. Lesbats and J. Levy, Scripta Metall. 9 (1975) 1373.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    D. G. Morris and M. A. Morris, Mater. Sci. Eng. A125 (1990) 97.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    T. B. Massalski, “Binary Alloy Phase Diagrams”, 1 (ASM, Ohio, USA, 1986) p. 112.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. H. Fair
    • 1
  • J. V. Wood
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Materials Engineering and Materials DesignUniversity of NottinghamUK

Personalised recommendations