Fracture behaviour of long fibre reinforced thermoplastics
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This paper deals with the fracture performance of injection moulded long glass fibre composites based on polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) and polypropylene (PP) matrices. The tensile behaviour of these composites is analysed using the shear lag theory taking into consideration the interfacial shear strength, fibre length distribution and fibre orientation in the mouldings. The fracture performance is investigated using the post yield fracture mechanics approach. The crack growth resistance of the PP and PBT long fibre composite was found to increase with increasing fibre volume content up to 35%. Above 35% a plateau in the fracture performance was observed. A combination of high fibre degradation and a change in the fibre orientation pattern of the moulded pieces is found to be responsible for the plateau region in the performance of the high concentration system. In fact, the dependence of the maximum crack growth resistance of the composites on fibre length and fibre orientation is also controlled by testing temperature. The competition between fibre-induced matrix deformation and the fibre pull-out determines the ability of the composites to resist crack propagation.
KeywordsFibre Orientation Fracture Performance Crack Growth Resistance Interfacial Shear Strength Polybutylene
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