An anomalous behaviour in the phase stability of the system Fe2O3 and NiO
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Iron-nickel mixed oxides containing up to 50 mol% of NiO were prepared by firing the corresponding co-precipitated hydrous oxides; characterization was performed by X-ray diffraction, infrared spectroscopy, magnetic susceptibility, electrical conductivity and thermoelectric power measurements. A non-stoichiometric ferrite phase was formed when a sample containing 20 mol% NiO was sintered at 1050°C. This phase had two- to three-fold higher conductivity than either Fe2O3 or the stoichiometric ferrite (NiFe2O4). The thermoelectric power of this phase indicated a sharp change of charge carriers from n- to p-type near 350°C. This non-stoichiometric ferrite phase was stable only in a small temperature range and dissociated into α-Fe2O3 and stoichiometric ferrite above 1200°C. Samples containing 5 and 10 mol% NiO also had small fractions of this non-stoichiometric ferrite phase when sintered at 1050°C.
KeywordsFerrite Electrical Conductivity Fe2O3 Charge Carrier Infrared Spectroscopy
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