Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 30, Issue 13, pp 3543–3546 | Cite as

The effect of surface treatment on the interfacial properties in carbon fibre/epoxy matrix composites

  • G. Bogoeva-Gaceva
  • D. Burevski
  • A. Dekanski
  • A. Janevski


Carbon fibres with different degrees of surface oxidation, as well as epoxy-sized fibres, were used to prepare epoxy composites in order to compare the effects of the fibres surface chemistry on the interfacial properties. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, water vapour adsorption measurements and contact angle examination were applied to characterize the carbon fibre surfaces. A correlation was found between the content of primary adsorption sites on the fibre surface and interlaminar shear strength (ILSS) of the composites. Higher values of ILSS obtained for the oxidized fibres containing composites are proposed to be due to the higher concentration of carboxylic groups created on the oxidized fibres surface and to the creation of chemical bonds at the fibre/epoxy matrix interface. Enthalpy of cure, reaction peak temperature and glass transition temperature of the composites were determined by differential scanning calorimetry.


Differential Scanning Calorimetry Contact Angle Shear Strength Glass Transition Temperature Carbon Fibre 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    M. LEWIN and J. PRESTON (eds), High Technology Fibres, Part A in “Handbook of Fiber Science and Technology” (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1985).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    J. B. DONNET and R. C. BANSAL, “Carbon Fibers” (Marcel Dekker, New York, 1984).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    C. JONES, Compos. Sci. Technol. 42 (1991) 275.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    J. BONNET and G. GUILPAIN, Sur. Charact. Carbon Fibres Compos. 22 (1991) 59.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    J. D. H. HUGHES, Compos. Sci. Technol. 41 (1991) 13.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    M. F. GRENIER-LONSTALOT and P. GRENIER, Polymer 33 (1992) 1187.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. BOGOEVA-GACEVA, E. MADER, L. HAUSSLER and K. SAHRE, Composites, submitted.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Y. C. TSAI, C. T. CHOU and L. S. PENN, J. Adhes. Sci. Technol. 6 (1992) 945.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J. I. YAMAKI and Y. KATAYAMA, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 19 (1975) 2897.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. BUREVSKI, J. POCEVA and S. BREZOVSKA, Croat. Chem. Acta 63 (1990) 67.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    U. PANZER, Coll. Surf. 57 (1991) 369.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    Y. NAKAYAMA, F. SOEDA and A. ISHITANI, Carbon 28 (1990) 21.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    A. HAMPE and C. MARTOZKE, Polym. Int. 28 (1992) 313.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • G. Bogoeva-Gaceva
    • 1
  • D. Burevski
    • 1
  • A. Dekanski
    • 2
  • A. Janevski
    • 3
  1. 1.Faculty of Technology and MetallurgyUniversity of SkopjeMacedonia
  2. 2.ICTM, Department of ElectrochemistryUniversity of BelgradeMacedonia
  3. 3.Research InstituteOHISSkopjeMacedonia

Personalised recommendations