Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 30, Issue 13, pp 3531–3538 | Cite as

Microstructure-fracture toughness correlation in weld joints of Cr-Mo steel

  • A. N. Kumar
  • R. K. Pandey
  • P. Sundaram


The strength-toughness-microstructure relationship in relation to the micromechanics of a fracture process has been investigated in the weld joints of two alloys: 0.5 Mo and 2.25 Cr-1 Mo steels. These alloys are extensively used to fabricate super-heater tubes, boilers, piping, gas lines, etc., by welding. The applications require high temperature and pressure to be maintained during service. The crack initiation toughness and tearing resistance were evaluated using crack tip opening displacement/J-integral parameters at different temperatures. Quantitative analysis of micro-structure and fracture surfaces was used to study the micromechanics of fracture process in the heat-affected zone (HAZ) of the alloys. Molybdenum steel exhibited a higher percentage of ferrite and lower martensite content, while the other steel showed aligned carbide as the major constituent. The higher hardness and strength values in the HAZ and welding zone (WZ) of Cr-Mo steel, compared to molybdenum steel, may be attributed to the higher amount of martensite phase in the alloy. The higher initiation toughness at 200° C in both the alloys was reflected in the larger dimple size, compared to the size observed at room temperature. A tendency for void sheet formation was noticed in both alloys. Acicular ferrite and martensite appeared to be the most influential constituents affecting tearing resistance and initiation toughness.


Ferrite Martensite Weld Joint Acicular Ferrite Initiation Toughness 
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Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • A. N. Kumar
    • 1
  • R. K. Pandey
    • 1
  • P. Sundaram
    • 1
  1. 1.Applied Mechanics DepartmentIndian Institute of Technology DelhiNew DelhiIndia

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