Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 30, Issue 13, pp 3475–3482 | Cite as

Thermochemical synthesis and characterization of nanostructured chromium suicide and silicon carbide composite materials

  • P. Luo
  • P. R. Strutt


Nanostructured chromium suicide/silicon carbide in the form of composite powders have been synthesized from water-soluble precursors by a spray-dry and thermal conversion process. Two materials compositions were investigated to provide insight into the relation between the initial precursor composition and the composition of the synthesized nanostructured materials. The multiphase materials that were produced contain (i) cubic β-SiC and hexagonal Cr5−xSi3−yCx+y(Cr5Si3Cx). A systematic study of the chemical and structured nature of these materials during and after processing was carried out using thermogravimetric analysis, differential thermal analysis, inductively coupled plasma spectrometry, Fourier transform-infrared spectroscopy, and X-ray diffractometry analysis. The calculated average grain size is around 20–80 nm. Microstructure observation using scanning electron microscopy and transmission electronmicroscopy revealed a distribution of nanoparticles with dimensions in the range 10–100 nm. This is in agreement with the precalculation from an analysis of X-ray line broadening.


Carbide Chromium Thermogravimetric Analysis Differential Thermal Analysis Composite Powder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    R. W. SIEGEL, S. RAMASAMY, H. HAHN, Z. LI, T. LU, R. GRONSKY, J. Mater. Res. 3 (1988) 1376.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    R. ROY, in “Material Research Society Symposia Proceedings,” Vol. 286, edited by S. KONARNENI, J. C. PARKER and G. J. THOMAS (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, PA, 1993) p. 241.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
  4. 4.
    P. LUO, P. R. STRUTT and T. D. XIAO, Mater. Sci. Eng. B17 (1993) 126.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    H. MOISSAN, “The Electric Furnace” (Edward Arnold London, 1904).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    S. P. MURARKA, “Suicides for VLSI applications” (Academic Press, London, 1983).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    A. K. VASUDEVAN and J. J. PETROVIC, Mater. Sci. Eng. A155 (1992) 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    W. S. GIBBS, J. J. PETROVIC and R. E. HONNELL, Ceram. Eng. Sci. Proc. 8 (1987) 645.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    K. E. GONSALVES, P. R. STRUTT, T. D. XIAO and P. G. KLEMENS, J. Mater. Sci. 27 (1992) 3231.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    T. D. XIAO, K. E. GONSALVES, P. R. STRUTT and P. G. KLEMENS, ibid. 28 (1993) 1334.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. D. XIAO, Y. D. ZHANG, P. R. STRUTT, J. I. BUDNICK, K. MOHN and K. E. KONSALVES, J. Nanostruct. Mater. 2 (1993) 285.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    P. LUO and P. R. STRUTT, in “Materials Research Society Symposia Proceedings”, Vol. 286, edited by S. KONARNENI, J. C. PARKER and G. J. THOMAS (Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, PA, 1993) p. 185.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    W. POCH and A. DIETZEL, Ber. Deut. Keram. Ges. 39 (1962) 413/26.Google Scholar
  14. 14.
    C. J. POUCHERT, “The Aldrich Library of Infrared Spectra”, 3rd Edn (Adrich Chemical Company, Inc., Milwaukee, WN, Wisconsin).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    H. MOISSAN, Compt. Rend. 121 (1895) 621/6, 624 (or G. Maehling, Handbook, Si).Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    G. de CHALMOT, Am. Chem. J. 19 (1897) 69/70 (or G. Maehling, Handbook, Si).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Shigeyuki SOMIYA and Yoshizo INOMATA, “Silicon carbide ceramics” (Elsevier Applied Science, London, New York, 1991).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    P. W. PELLEGRINI, B. C. GIESSEN and J. M. FELDMAN, Solid State Sci. Technol. 119 April (1972) 535.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    E. PARTHE, H. SCHACHNER and H. NOWOTNY, Monat. Chem. 86 (1958) 182.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    J. van den BOOMGAARD, Philips Res. Rept 23 (1968) 270.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    T. D. SHEN, K. Y. WANG, M. X. QUAN and J. T. WANG, J. Mater. Sci. Lett. 11 (1992) 1576.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • P. Luo
    • 1
  • P. R. Strutt
    • 1
  1. 1.Connecticut Advanced Technology Center for Precision Manufacturing and Department of MetallurgyUniversity of ConnecticutStorrsUSA

Personalised recommendations