BaTiO3-based positive temperature coefficient of resistivity ceramics with low resistivities prepared by the oxalate method
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Positive temperature coefficient of resistivity (PTCR) ceramics with low resistivities at room temperature were obtained by using oxalate-derived barium titanate powders. The average room-temperature resistivity of the PTCR ceramics was 4Ω cm, and the magnitude of their PTCR jump was around four orders with a voltage proof of more than 50 Vmm−1. These PTCR properties are significantly influenced by the calcination temperature of the starting materials and by the resultant properties of the ceramic bodies. The microstructure of such-PTCR ceramics with a low room-temperature resistivity produced in this study was found to be rather heterogeneous. Complex impedance measurements revealed that the resistivity of the present PTCR materials was determined predominantly by the grain-boundary resistance even at room temperature.
KeywordsBarium Calcination Oxalate Calcination Temperature Complex Impedance
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