Advertisement

Journal of Materials Science

, Volume 30, Issue 13, pp 3358–3368 | Cite as

The influence of residual stresses on the mechanical and thermal properties of injection moulded ABS copolymer

  • M. Akay
  • S. Ozden
Article

Abstract

The mechanical and thermal properties of acrylonitrile-butadiene-styrene copolymer (ABS) were determined for as-moulded and annealed specimens in order to assess the influence of residual stresses on these properties. Mouldings were heat treated at temperatures below and above the glass transition temperature, Tg. Annealing below the glass transition removes most of the residual stresses arising during the moulding process, while annealing above the glass transition temperature removes both the residual stresses and molecular orientation. Residual stresses have a strong bearing on the end-use properties. The thermal behaviour of the mouldings are mostly affected by the stimulation of molecular motion caused by the relaxation of the residual stresses near the glass transition temperature.

Keywords

Polymer Residual Stress Transition Temperature Glass Transition Thermal Property 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    P. C. POWELL, “Engineering with Polymers” (Arrowsmith Ltd, Bristol, 1983) pp. 254–8.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    A. SIEGMANN, M. NARKIS and N. ROZENWEIG, Polym. Eng. Sci. 19 (1979) 223.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    P. SO and L. J. BROUTMAN, ibid. 16 (1976) 785.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. E. HORNBERGER and K. L. DEVRIES, ibid. 27 (1987) 1473.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Y. YAMAGUCHI, Y. OYANAGI and Y. OZAKI, Kobunshi Ronbushu, Eng. Ed. 4 (1975) 507.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    L. J. BROUTMAN and S. M. KRISHNAKUMAR, Polym. Eng. Sci. 16 (1976) 74.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    G. A. CAMPBELL, S. SETTLEMIRE, K. KLEWICKI, T. KENNY, J. D. SMALL and J. D. FRICKE, SPE ANTEC Tech. Papers 35 (1989) 312.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    J. F. MANDELL, K. L. SMITH and D. D. HUANG, Polym. Eng. Sci. 21 (1981) 1173.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    L. HOARE and D. HULL, ibid. 17 (1977) 204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    V. F. DALAL and A. MOET, ibid. 28 (1988) 544.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    T. T. JONES, Pure Appl. Chem. 45 (1976) 41.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    D. G. LEGRAND, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 13 (1969) 2129.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    J. H. DAANE and S. MATSUOKA, Polym. Eng. Sci. 8 (1968) 246.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    P. I. VINCENT, Polymer 15 (1974) 111.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    P. H. C. SHU, SPE ANTEC Tech. Papers 35 (1989) 393.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    P. HEIDEMEYER, G. MENGES and W. MICHAELI, ibid. (1989) 688.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    R. BOUKHILI, R. GAUVIN and M. GOSSELIN, ibid. (1989) 1566.Google Scholar
  18. 18.
    E. S. CLARK, Appl. Polym. Sympos. 24 (1974) 45.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    V. TAN and M. R. KAMAL, J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 22 (1978) 2341.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Z. CHEN and J. R. WHITE, Plast. Rubber Compos. Process. Appl. 18 (1992) 289.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    M. R. KAMAL and P. G. LAFLEUR, Polym. Eng. Sci. 26 (1986) 103.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    E. FLEISCHMANN, Int. Polym. Process 4 (1989) 158.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    C. ROHN and P. HERH, SPE ANTEC Tech. Papers 34 (1988) 1135.Google Scholar
  24. 24.
    S. OZDEN, PhD thesis, University of Ulster at Jordanstown (1994).Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    J. G. CRACKNELL, PhD thesis, University of Ulster (1993).Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    B. O'DONNEL, PhD thesis. University of Newcastle Upon Tyne (1989).Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    F. W. BILLMEYER, “Textbook of Polymer Science”, 2nd Edn, (Wiley, London, 1971) p. 210.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Chapman & Hall 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Akay
    • 1
  • S. Ozden
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Mechanical and Industrial EngineeringUniversity of Ulster at JordanstownNewtownabbeyUK

Personalised recommendations