Reactivity of perovskites on oxidative coupling of methane
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Well-defined structures like ABO3 (A = Ba, Sr, Ca; and B = Ti, Zr) perovskites were prepared by a sol-gel method which permits the formation of a crystalline structure at low-calcination temperatures (∼700 °C). The perovskite structures were characterized by X-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Brunauer-Emmett-Teller (BET) methods and the carbonate present at the surface was determined by Fourier transform infra-red spectroscopy. Reactivity studies showed that the perovskite structures are stable under oxidative coupling of methane (OCM) conditions. The yield increases followed the sequence Ca < Sr < Ba and Zr < Ti, and a stable BaTiO3 gives a C2 yield of 15% at 800 °C.
KeywordsScanning Electron Microscopy Methane Fourier Fourier Transform Perovskite
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