Al2O3 reinforced Al/Ni intermetallic matrix composite by reactive sintering
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An aluminium-nickel reinforced Al2O3 particulate composite was fabricated by a powder metallurgy route, where 35wt% aluminium and 30wt% nickel powders were mixed with 35wt% Al2O3 particles and compacted at 548 MPa. Sintering was carried out at 850 °C, where the synthesis reaction was sustained by the transient liquid phase resulting from the exothermic reaction associated with the formation of intermetallic compounds, i.e. reactive sintering. The resultant microstructure was studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD) and scanning electron microscopy coupled with energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS). It was found that the initial distribution of individual constituent powders affect the outcome of the reactive sintering and that the inward diffusion of aluminium in nickel was responsible for nickel aluminide formation.
KeywordsNickel Al2O3 Intermetallic Compound Powder Metallurgy Energy Dispersive Spectroscopy
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