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Meiosis in polyhaploid Hordeum: hemizygous ineffective control of diploid-like behaviour in a hexaploid?

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Abstract

Meiotic chromosome behaviour was studied in the hexaploid Hordeum parodii (2n=6x=42) and in six haploids (2n=3x=21) obtained from a cross between H. parodii and H. bulbosum (2n=2x=14) whereby all bulbosum chromosomes were selectively eliminated. The alloploid nature of H. parodii was evident from the exclusive bivalent formation at the hexaploid level and the low and variable number of bivalents in its haploid derivatives. In haploids, both nonhomologous (intragenomic) and homoeologous (intergenomic) chromosomes paired at prophase. Foldbacks in single chromosomes, bivalents and trivalents were observed at prophase and metaphase I. At diakinesis, the associations involved a maximum of 20 chromosomes which decreased to 12 by metaphase I. This decrease was attributed to the failure of the non-homologous associations to persist until metaphase I. A “hemizygous-ineffective” control for the diploid-like behaviour of the hexaploid parodii is proposed to explain the homeologous chromosome pairing in its haploid derivatives.

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Subrahmanyam, N.C. Meiosis in polyhaploid Hordeum: hemizygous ineffective control of diploid-like behaviour in a hexaploid?. Chromosoma 66, 185–192 (1978). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00295139

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Keywords

  • Developmental Biology
  • Variable Number
  • Chromosome Pairing
  • Meiotic Chromosome
  • Single Chromosome