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The chromosomes of two Drosophila races: D. nasuta nasuta and D. nasuta albomicana

II. Differences between their microchromosomes

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Abstract

The microchromosomes of the totally cross fertile Drosophila races, D. nasuta nasuta and D. nasuta albomicana have been studied in nietaphase and polytene nuclei. In metaphase the microchromosome of D. n. albomicana is nearly five times longer than the homologous chromosome in D. n. nasuta. As shown by C-banding these length differences are mainly due to a massive addition of heterochromatin to the D. n. albomicana chromosome. In polytene nuclei these striking heterochromatin differences between the microchromosomes of the two Drosophila races cannot be observed. Analysis of the polytene banding pattern shows that the microchromosomes of both races differ by an inversion and by a duplication, present only in D. n, albomicana. The location and orientation of the duplicated regions in D. n. albomicana leads to a specific loop like chromosome configuration. On the basis of these differences within the Drosophila races studied it is assumed that the karyotype of D. n. albomicana is a more recent evolutionary product.

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Hägele, K., Ranganath, H.A. The chromosomes of two Drosophila races: D. nasuta nasuta and D. nasuta albomicana . Chromosoma 85, 215–220 (1982). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00294966

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Keywords

  • Developmental Biology
  • Evolutionary Product
  • Banding Pattern
  • Homologous Chromosome
  • Length Difference