Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Multiplicative and additive models of job and life satisfaction

  • 102 Accesses

  • 35 Citations

Abstract

Overall job satisfaction has often been specified as a multiplicative function of the satisfaction with and the perceived importance of more specific job facets. Correspondingly, overall life satisfaction may be conceptualized as a multiplicative function of satisfaction with and importance of various life domains. So far empirical research has tended to reject the multiplicative model. Correcting for the effects of acquiescence bias and using more appropriate statistical methods than in most previous studies, the multiplicative model is here shown to fit the job satisfaction data significantly better than alternative additive models. For the relationships between life domains and overall life satisfaction, however, the multiplicative model is again rejected. Possible reasons for these diverging results are discussed.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Bibliography

  1. Allison, P.: 1977, ‘Testing for interaction in multiple regression’, American Journal of Sociology 83, pp. 144–153.

  2. Andrews, F. M. and Withey, S.: 1976, Social Indicators of Well-Being (Plenum, New York).

  3. Atkinson, T. and Murray, M. A.: 1979, ‘Values, domains and the preceived quality of life: Canada and the United States’, unpublished paper (Institute for Behavioral Research, York University, Toronto).

  4. Bielby, W. T., and Kluegel, J. R.: 1977, ‘Simultaneous statistical inference and statistical power in survey research applications of the general linear model’, in Heise, D. R. (ed.): Sociological Methodology 1977 (Jossey-Bass, San Francisco).

  5. Campbell, A., Converse, P. H., and Rodgers, W.: 1975, The Quality of American Life (ISR Social Science Archive, Ann Arbor).

  6. Campbell, A., Converse, P. H., and Rodgers, W.: 1976, The Quality of American Life. (Russell Sage Foundation, New York).

  7. Cunningham, W. H., Cunningham, I. C. M., and Green, R. T.: 1977, ‘The ipsative process to reduce response set bias’, Public Opinion Quarterly 41, pp. 379–384.

  8. Evans, M. G.: 1969, ‘Conceptual and operational problems in the measurement of various aspects of job satisfaction’, Journal of Applied Psychology 53, pp. 93–101.

  9. Gorsuch, R. L.: 1970, ‘Rokeach's approach to value systems and social compassion’, Review of Religious Research 11, p. 139–143.

  10. Hofstede, G.: 1980, Culture's Consequences. International Differences in Work-Related Values (Sage, Beverly Hills).

  11. Jackman, M.: 1973, ‘Education and prejudice or education and response set’, American Sociological Review 38, pp. 327–339.

  12. Jackson, D. J. and Alwin, D. F.: 1980, ‘The factor analysis of ipsative measures’, Sociological Methods and Research 9, pp. 218–238.

  13. Kalleberg, A. L.: 1977, ‘Work values and job rewards: a theory of job satisfaction’, American Sociological Review 42, pp. 124–143.

  14. Locke, E. A.: 1969, ‘What is job satisfaction?’, Organizational Behavior and Human Performance 4, pp. 309–336.

  15. Locke, E. A.: 1976, ‘The nature and causes of job satisfaction’, in M. R. Dunnette (ed.): handbook of industrial and organizational psychology (Rand McNally, Chicago).

  16. Mastekaasa, A.: 1983, ‘Comment on Janson's and Martins's “Job satisfaction and age: a test of two views”’, Social Forces 62 (1), pp. 252–254.

  17. Nisbett, R., and Wilson, T.: 1977, ‘Telling more than we can know: verbal reports on mental processes’, Psychological review 84, pp. 231–259.

  18. Quinn, R. P. and Cobb, E. Jr.: 1971, ‘What workers want: factor analysis of importance ratings of job facets’, working paper (Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor).

  19. Quinn, R. P. and Mangione, T. W.: 1973, ‘Evaluating weighted models of measuring job satisfaction: a Cinderella story’, Organizational behavior and Human Performance 10, 1–23.

  20. Quinn, R. P., Seashore, S. E., and Mangione, T. W.: 1975, Survey of Working Conditions (ISR Social Science Archive, Ann Arbor).

  21. Slovic, P. J. and Lichtenstein, S.: 1971, ‘Comparison of Bayesian and regression approaches to the study of information processing in judgement’, Organizational Behavior and Human Performance 6, pp. 649–744.

  22. Smith, K. W., and Sasaki, M. S.: 1979, ‘Decreasing multicollinearity. A method for models with multiplicative functions’, Sociological Methods and Research 8, pp. 35–56.

  23. Turner, C. F.: 1981, ‘Surveys of subjective phenomena: a working paper’, in D. F. Johnston (ed.): Measurement of Subjective Phenomena (Bureau of the Census, U.S. Dept. of Commerce, Washington, D.C.).

  24. Vroom, V. H.: 1964, Work and Motivation (Wiley, New York).

  25. Wilson, T. D., and Nisbett, R. E.: 1978, ‘The accuracy of verbal reports about the effects of stimuli on evaluations and behavior’, Social Psychology 41, pp. 118–131.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Mastekaasa, A. Multiplicative and additive models of job and life satisfaction. Soc Indic Res 14, 141–163 (1984). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00293407

Download citation

Keywords

  • Statistical Method
  • Life Satisfaction
  • Empirical Research
  • Additive Model
  • Life Domain