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Orientation of interphase chromosomes as detected by Giemsa C-bands

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Abstract

The orientation of Giemsa C-bands has been studied in mitotic and interphase cells of Allium cepa, A. sativum and of Aloe vera. The C-bands in these three species are located at the telomeres, secondary constriction region of the nucleolar chromosomes and the centromeric regions, respectively. Observations in A. cepa and Aloe indicate clearly that the interphase chromosomes are non-random in their orientation and possibly maintain their telophase configuration through the attachment of telomeres and perhaps of kinetochores with the nuclear membrane. Electron micrographs of onion cells also reveal that certain heterochromatic segments are associated with the nuclear membrane. — The nucleolar interstitial C-bands in A. sativum remain free in the nucleoplasm and may come close to each other due to heterochromatic attraction. Such a heterochromatic attraction is also evident between telomeric regions and between centromeres. However, a two by two attachment could not be noticed. A diagrammatic representation of the orientation of interphase chromosomes has been presented.

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Ghosh, S., Roy, S.C. Orientation of interphase chromosomes as detected by Giemsa C-bands. Chromosoma 61, 49–55 (1977). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00292679

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Keywords

  • Developmental Biology
  • Electron Micrographs
  • Nuclear Membrane
  • Centromeric Region
  • Diagrammatic Representation