Dimers were preferably obtained in the oligomerization of styrene derivatives by diphenyl hydrogen phosphate. The reaction was assumed to proceed through the formation of esters from the monomers and diphenyl hydrogen phosphate as intermediate. This assumption was confirmed by the fact that treatment of the esters with alternative styrene derivatives gave linear codimers.
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Yamazaki, N., Nakahama, S., Yamaguchi, K. et al. Preparation of homo- and co-dimers of styrene derivatives using phosphate. Polymer Bulletin 3, 219–224 (1980). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00291960