A photoanthropometric method is presented, which enables an objective definition of facial structures. It may support the clinical description of patients with dysmorphic syndromes. Eighteen parameters were studied. The measuring points were elected on the base of anthropological criteria. The measurements were related to reference values in the same face. The obtained indices were compared to an age related control group of 100 normal children between 0 and 12 years. Values below the 3rd and above the 97th percentile were considered as dysmorphisms. The results give information on the frequency and age dependency of different dysmorphic signs.
This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.
Buy single article
Instant access to the full article PDF.
Price includes VAT for USA
Subscribe to journal
Immediate online access to all issues from 2019. Subscription will auto renew annually.
This is the net price. Taxes to be calculated in checkout.
Farkas LG, Ross RB, James JS (1977) Anthropometry of the face in lateral facial dysplasia: the bilateral form. Cleft Palate J 14 (1): 41–51
Feingold M, Bossert WH (1974) Normal values for selected physical parameters: an aid to syndrome delineation. Birth Defects, Orig Art Ser 10 (13):1–17
Hajniŝ K (1974) Kopf-, Ohrmuschel- und Handwachstum. Acta Univ Carol Biol 2/4:77–294
Leiber K (1972) Ohmuscheldystopie, Ohrmuscheldysplasie und Ohrmuschelmißbildung — Klinische Wertung und Bedeutung als Symptom. Arch Klin Exp Ohr-, Nas-u Kehlk Heilkunde (202):51–84
Martin R, Saller K (1962) Lehrbuch der Anthropologie. Fischer, Stuttgart
Niebuhr E (1979) Anthropometry in the Cri-du-chat syndrome. Clin Genet 16:82–85
Robinow M, Roche AF (1973) Low-set ears. Am J Dis Child 125:482–483
Schwarzfischer F (1969) Ohrmuschel. In: Humangenetik, Becker, PE (ed). Georg-Thieme, Stuttgart, Band I/2
Ziegelmayer G (1969) Mund-Kinn-Region. In: Humangenetik, Becker PE (ed). Georg-Thieme, Stuttgart, Band I/2
Supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft, Ste 213/3-2
About this article
Cite this article
Stengel-Rutkowski, S., Schimanek, P. & Werheimer, A. Anthropometric definitions of dysmorphic facial signs. Hum Genet 67, 272–295 (1984). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00291355
- Internal Medicine
- Metabolic Disease
- Measuring Point
- Normal Child
- Clinical Description