Oxidative phosphorylation in membrane vesicles of a gram-positive methylotroph
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Membrane preparations, capable of high rates of respiration-linked ATP synthesis, have been obtained from a gram-positive methylotrophic bacterium Bacillus sp. MGA3. NADH, succinate, reduced TMPD and methanol were shown to be suitable substrates for the oxidative phosphorylation. Esterification of orthophosphate was dependent on electron transfer, as evidenced by the requirement for both substrate and oxygen. Phosphorylation was also dependent on ADP and was destroyed by boiling the membrane preparation. The phosphorylation was markedly uncoupled by carbonyl cyanide p-(trichloromethoxy)-phenylhydrazone (CCCP) and was inhibited by N,N′-dicyclohexylcarbodiimide (DCCD). KCN caused strong inhibition of substrate oxidation as well as phosphorylation for all substrates tested. Rotenone, amytal and antimycin A caused inhibition when NADH or methanol were used as substrates. Antimycin A inhibited respiration and ATP synthesis with succinate as substrate and had no effect on ascorbate —N,N,N′,N′-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediimide (TMPD) oxidation by membrane preparations of Bacillus sp. MGA3. P/O ratios determined were 2.4 with NADH, 1.7 with succinate and 0.8 with reduced TMPD. The measured P/O ratio with methanol-oxidizing system was similar to that with NADH (about 2.4).
Key wordsMethylotrophy Bacillus Oxidative phosphorylation
Carbonyl cyanide p-(trichloromethoxy)-phenylhydrazone
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