An increase in perceived power in midlife was demonstrated among 60 middle-class Arab women in Israel. 20 of the women were young (age 20–40) 20 were middle aged (45–55) and 20 were older (60–80). Perceived power was studied using card 4 of the Thematic Apperception Test (TAT). The TAT stories were rated on three dimensions of perceived power: security, inner strength, and interpersonal influence. Results indicate that the young Arab women ranked lowest in security and inner strength. There was a bigger difference between the young women and the two other groups than between the middle-aged and older women. In addition, all three groups, while describing men as having more interpersonal power and security, still described women as having more inner strength.
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The authors wish to thank Latifa Manzur and Anat Zohar-Aizen, students at Tel-Aviv University, for their help in the data collection.
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Friedman, A., Pines, A.M. Increase in arab women's perceived power in the second half of life. Sex Roles 26, 1–9 (1992). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00290121
- Young Woman
- Social Psychology
- Arab Woman
- Interpersonal Influence
- Thematic Apperception