The self-confidence of men and women was assessed in three types of interpersonal communicative situations. Participants indicated anticipated level of success, evaluated their performance, and assessed the extent to which the outcome was due to ability and to effort. The most striking finding was higher self-confidence in women than in men in comforting tasks. No difference emerged in level of self-confidence between men and women in persuasive tasks. Men tended to anticipate more success in justifying decisions, but following their performance, did not rate either the quality of the performance or their ability higher than did women.
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The author is indebted to members of the class in Introduction to Empirical Research Methods in Speech Communication for their contributions to this project.
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Clark, R.A. Men's and women's self-confidence in persuasive, comforting, and justificatory communicative tasks. Sex Roles 28, 553–567 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00289680
- Social Psychology
- Striking Finding
- Communicative Task
- Communicative Situation
- Anticipate Level