When preschool children are exposed to novel objects, will their tactual and verbal information seeking about these objects and the amount of information they remember about these objects be influenced by whether an adult labels them as things “for girls” or “for boys”? The findings reveal that children actually explored less frequently, asked fewer questions, and recalled the names of objects less frequently when the objects were labeled for the opposite sex than when they were labeled either for their own sex or for both sexes. The results are discussed both in terms of implications for adults who aim to broaden the scope of learning available to children and in terms of the need for additional research to clarify the relation between sex-typed labeling and memory mechanisms involved in facilitating or inhibiting recall.
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Bradbard, M.R., Endsley, R.C. The effects of sex-Typed labeling on preschool children's information-Seeking and retention. Sex Roles 9, 247–260 (1983). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00289627
- Social Psychology
- Additional Research
- Preschool Child
- Verbal Information
- Memory Mechanism