Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Factor dimensions across different measures of sex role ideology


The development of sex role ideology is an important part of the maturation process. Numerous means have been used to measure sex role ideology. The purpose of this study was to investigate the dimensionality of the construct of sex role ideology. Participants, 180 undergraduate volunteers, completed four multiitem measures of sex role ideology, a social desirability scale, and three single-item questions previously used to assess sex role ideology. Scale internal consistency estimates, correlation coefficients, and a factor analysis were computed. Results of the study suggested that the construct of sex role ideology is unidimensional.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Benson, P. L., & Vincent, S. Development and validation of the Sexist Attitudes Toward Women Scale (SATWS). Psychology of Women Quarterly, 1980, 5, 276–291.

  2. Crowne, D. P., & Marlowe, D. The approval motive. New York: Wiley, 1964.

  3. deMan, A. F., & Benoit, R. Self-esteem in feminist and nonfeminist French-Canadian women and French-Canadian men. Journal of Psychology, 1982, 111, 3–7.

  4. Foster, M. A., Wallston, B. S., & Berger, M. Feminist orientation and job-seeking behavior among dual-career couples. Sex Roles, 1980, 6, 59–65.

  5. Goldberg, P. A., Katz, J. F., & Rappeport, S. Posture and prediction on the Attitudes Toward Women Scale. Psychology of Women Quarterly, 1979, 3, 403–406.

  6. Kalin, R., & Tilby, P. J. Development and validation of a sex-role ideology scale. Psychological Reports, 1978, 42, 731–738.

  7. Lull, J., Mulac, A., & Rosen, S. L. Feminism as a predictor of mass media use. Sex Roles, 1983, 9, 165–177.

  8. McClain, E. Feminists and nonfeminists: Contrasting profiles in independence and affiliation. Psychological Reports, 1978, 43, 435–441.

  9. Moreland, J. R., & VanTuinen, M. The Attitude Toward Masculinity Transcendence Scale. Unpublished manuscript, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, 1978.

  10. Nielson, J. M., & Doyle, P. Sex-role stereotypes of feminists and nonfeminists. Sex Roles, 1975, 1, 83–95.

  11. Pines, A. The influence of goals on people's perceptions of a competent woman. Sex Roles, 1979, 5, 71–76.

  12. Rieber, R. W., Weideman, C. F., & D'Amato, J. Obscenity: Its frequency and context of usage as compared in males, nonfeminist females, and feminist females. Journal of Psycholinguistic Research, 1979, 8, 201–223.

  13. Rosen, R. H., & Martindale, L. J. Abortion as “deviance”: Traditional female roles vs. the feminist perspective. Social Psychiatry, 1980, 15, 103–108.

  14. Smith, A. D., Resick, P. A., & Kilpatrick, D. G. Relationships among gender, sex-role attitudes, sexual attitudes, thoughts, and behaviors. Psychological Reports, 1980, 46, 359–367.

  15. Smith, M. D., & Self, G. D. Feminists and traditionalists: An attitudinal comparison. Sex Roles, 1981, 7, 183–188.

  16. Spence, J. T., & Helmreich, R. The Attitudes Toward Women Scale: An objective instrument to measure attitudes toward the rights and roles of women in contemporary society. JSAS Catalog of Selected Documents in Psychology, 1972, 2, 66. (Ms. No. 153). (a)

  17. Spence, J. T., & Helmreich, R. Who likes competent women? Competence, sex-role congruence of interests, and subjects' attitudes toward women as determinants of interpersonal attraction. Journal of Applied Social Psychology, 1972, 3, 197–213. (b)

  18. Stein, S. L., & Wetson, L. C. College women's attitudes toward women and identity achievement. Adolescence, 1980, 17, 895–899.

  19. Wicker, A. W. Attitudes versus actions: The relationship of verbal and overt behavioral responses to attitude objects. Journal of Social Issues, 1969, 25, 41–78.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Robin A. Buhrke.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Buhrke, R.A. Factor dimensions across different measures of sex role ideology. Sex Roles 18, 309–321 (1988). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00288293

Download citation


  • Internal Consistency
  • Social Psychology
  • Social Desirability
  • Maturation Process
  • Consistency Estimate