Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Sex role stereotyping in women with agoraphobia and their husbands

  • 72 Accesses

  • 14 Citations

Abstract

Thirty-two married women with Diagnostic Statistical Manual (3rd edition, revised) diagnosis of agoraphobia and their husbands were compared with 32 matched control women and their husbands on self-report measures of sex role stereotyping, psychological symptoms, personality, and marital adjustment. The experimental women scored significantly lower than the control women on the sex role measure of Autonomy and significantly higher on Intropunitiveness. Significant inverse correlations occurred between women's self-ratings of Masculinity and Autonomy and their agoraphobic symptoms. In the experimental couples, but not the control couples, significant and substantial disagreements occurred on ratings of each other's Masculinity and Autonomy, and husbands' marital satisfaction correlated strongly with wives' self-rating of Femininity. The findings justify further study of sex role stereotyping in agoraphobia, especially where the syndrome coexists with marital dissatisfaction and/or personality disorder.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Andrew, G. M., & Ross, M. W. A short form of the Bem Sex-Role Inventory. Journal of Psychiatric Research and Evaluation, 1981, 3, 563–566.

  2. Burns, L. E., & Thorpe, G. L. The epidemiology of fears and phobias. Journal of International Medical Research, 1977, 5, 1–7.

  3. Chambless, D. L. The relationship of agoraphobia to associated psychopathology. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 1985, 23, 305–310.

  4. Chambless, D. L., & Mason, J. Sex, sex-role stereotyping and agoraphobia. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 1986, 24, 231–235.

  5. Fodor, I. G. The phobic syndrome in women. In V. Franks & V. Burtle (Eds.), Women in therapy. New York: Burnner/Mazel, 1974.

  6. Grove, W. M., & Andreasen, N. C. Simultaneous tests of many hypotheses in exploratory research. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 1982, 170, 3–8.

  7. Hafner, R. J. Marriage and mental illness: A sex-roles perspective. New York: Guilford, 1986.

  8. Hafner, R. J. The sex role semantic differential. In M. Hersen & A. Bellack (Eds.), Dictionary of behavioral assessment techniques. New York: Pergamon Press, 1988.

  9. Hallam, R. S., & Hafner, R. J. Fears of phobic patients: Factor analysis of self-report data. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 1978, 21, 51–56.

  10. Philip, A. E. Assessing punitiveness with the Hostility and Direction of Hostility Questionnaire (HDHQ). British Journal of Psychiatry, 1973, 123, 435–439.

  11. Schutz, W. C. The FIRO Scale manual. Palo Alto, CA: Consulting Psychologists Press, 1967.

  12. Spence, J. T., & Helmreich, R. L. Masculinity and feminity: Their psychological dimensions, correlates and antecedents. Austin, TX: University of Texas Press, 1978.

  13. Vose, R. H. Agoraphobia. London: Faber, 1981.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Hafner, R.J., Minge, P.J. Sex role stereotyping in women with agoraphobia and their husbands. Sex Roles 20, 705–711 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00288081

Download citation

Keywords

  • Personality Disorder
  • Married Woman
  • Psychological Symptom
  • Marital Satisfaction
  • Significant Inverse Correlation