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Characteristics of androgynous, undifferentiated, masculine, and feminine middle-class women


The Bem Sex-Role Inventory was given to a random sample of 369 middle-class, 20–59-year-old women during the second year of a panel study. A median split on the masculine and feminine scores was used to define feminine (47%), androgynous (24%), masculine (10%), and undifferentiated (19%) women. The four groups were compared using analysis of variance and multiple regression techniques on a variety of demographic, attitudinal, time utilization, personality, and health characteristics to investigate the relationships among sex-typing, attitudes, and behavior. Significant demographic, time utilization, personality, and attitudinal differences were generally consistent with sex-typing, but differences in health were not found.

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Research for this paper was funded by a National Institute of Drug Abuse grant (DA 00847) to L. S. Fidell and J. E. Prather. Correspondence should be addressed to Linda S. Fidell, Department of Psychology, California State University, Northridge, California 91330.

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Hoffman, D.M., Fidell, L.S. Characteristics of androgynous, undifferentiated, masculine, and feminine middle-class women. Sex Roles 5, 765–781 (1979).

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  • Random Sample
  • Social Psychology
  • Regression Technique
  • Panel Study
  • Health Characteristic