Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Feminist and community mental health center psychotherapists' expectations of mental health for women

  • 66 Accesses

  • 25 Citations

Abstract

Female (n=75) and male (n=55) community mental health center psychotherapists and feminist therapists (n=82) were given the Rosenkrantz, Vogel, Bee, Broverman, and Broverman (1968) Sex-Role Stereotype Questionnaire and were asked to rate either mentally healthy adults, females, wives, or mothers. Female community mental health center therapists and feminist therapists were found to maintain one standard of mental health; that is, their perceptions of mental health for adults, females, wives, and mothers did not differ. In contrast, male therapists perceived mentally healthy adults in more male-valued terms than they perceived mentally healthy females, wives, and mothers. Additionally, both feminist and other female therapists differed from male therapists in their perceptions of health for mothers, but not for adults and wives.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Albert, E. The unmothered woman. In M. H. Garskoff (Ed.), Roles women play: Readings toward women's liberation. Belmont, Calif: Brooks/Cole, 1971.

  2. Bardwick, J. M. Clinical Implications of a psychology of women. Alfred E. Weisz Memorial Lecture presented at Stanford University, November 1972.

  3. Bem, S. L. The measurement of psychological androgyny. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1974, 42, 155–162.

  4. Bem, S. L., & Bem, D. J. Training the woman to know her place. In L. K. Howe (Ed.), The future of the family. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1972.

  5. Brodsky, A. Liberated psychotherapy: Strategies for effecting changes. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, Montreal, September 1973.

  6. Broverman, I. K., Broverman, D. M., Clarkson, F. E., Rosenkrantz, P., & Vogel, S. R. Sex-role stereotypes and clinical judgments of mental health. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1970, 34, 1–7.

  7. Chesler, P. Patient and patriarch: Women in the psychotherapeutic relationship. In V. Gornick & B. K. Moran (Eds.), Women in sexist society: Studies in power and powerlessness. New York: Basic Books, 1971.

  8. Chesler, P. Women and madness. New York: Doubleday, 1972.

  9. Cohen, M. B. Personal identity and sexual identity. Psychiatry, 1966, 29, 1–14.

  10. Cottrell, L. S. The adjustment of the individual to his age and sex role. American Sociological Review, 1942, 7, 617–620.

  11. Fabrikant, B., Landau, D., & Rollenhagen, J. Perceived female sex role attributes and psychotherapists' sex role expectations for female patients. Paper presented at the meeting of the American Psychological Association, Honolulu, 1972.

  12. Fernberger, S. W. Persistence of stereotypes concerning sex differences. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 1948, 43, 97–101.

  13. Hunt, M. M. Her infinite variety: The American Woman as lover, mate and rival. New York: Harper & Row, 1962.

  14. Kagan, J. Acquisition and significance of sex typing and sex role identity. In M. L. Hoffman & L. W. Hoffman (Eds.), Review of child development research. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1964.

  15. Kitay, P. K. A comparison of the sexes in their attitudes and beliefs about women: A study of prestige groups. Sociometry, 1940, 3, 399–405.

  16. Locke, H. J. Predicting adjustment in marriage: A comparison of a divorced and a happily married group. New York: Henry Holt, 1951.

  17. MacBrayer, C. T. Differences in perceptions of the opposite sex by males and females. Journal of Social Psychology, 1960, 52, 309–314.

  18. Marks, P. An assessment of the diagnostic process in a child guidance setting. Psychological Monographs, 1961, 75,

  19. Neulinger, J., Schillinger, M., Stein, M. I., & Welkowitz, J. Perceptions of the optimally integrated person as a function of therapists characteristics. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 1970, 30, 375–384.

  20. Nowacki, C. M., & Poe, C. A. The concept of mental health as related to sex of person perceived. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1973, 40, 160.

  21. Rice, I. K., & Rice, D. G. Implications of the woman's liberation movement for psychotherapy. American Journal of Psychiatry, 1973, 130, 191–196.

  22. Rosenkrantz, P., Vogel, S., Bee, H. Broverman, I., & Broverman, D. Sex-role stereotypes and self-concepts in college students. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 1968, 32, 287–295.

  23. Sherriffs, A. C., & McKee, J. P. Qualitative aspects of beliefs about men and women. Journal of Personality, 1957, 25, 451–464.

  24. Silveira, J. The effect of sexism on thought: How male bias hurts psychology and some hopes for a woman's psychology. Pittsburgh, Pa.: KNOW Press, 1972.

  25. Walstedt, J. J. The anatomy of oppression: A feminist analysis of psychotherapy. Pittsburgh, Pa.: KNOW Press, 1971.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Alice L. Aslin.

Additional information

This report is based on a dissertation submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the doctoral degree at the College of Education, University of Maryland, 1974. The author wishes to express her appreciation to her dissertation chairperson, Dr. Janice M. Birk, for her invaluable assistance during all phases of this study.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Aslin, A.L. Feminist and community mental health center psychotherapists' expectations of mental health for women. Sex Roles 3, 537–544 (1977). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00287837

Download citation

Keywords

  • Mental Health
  • Social Psychology
  • Health Center
  • Healthy Adult
  • Community Mental Health