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Cytochemistry of the chromatin replication band in hypotrichous ciliated protozoa staining with silver and thiol-specific coumarin maleimide

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A modification of the silver-staining techniques for nucleolar organizing regions (NORs) was used to stain selectively the macronuclear replication bands (RBs) and nucleoli in hypotrichous ciliated protozoa (Euplotes, Stylonychia, and Oxytricha). Silver staining of both types of structures was trypsin-sensitive and DNase I-insensitive, suggesting the involvement of proteins. Silver-staining proteins in the RB were differentially extracted with acid, without any decrease in nucleolar staining. Triton-acid-urea gel electrophoresis of an acid extract of Euplotes macronuclei revealed enhanced silver reaction with a single protein upon selective silver staining. An abundance of thiol groups was also demonstrated in the RBs and nucleoli by the fluorochrome 3-(4-maleimidylphenyl)-7-diethylamino-4-methyl coumarin (coumarin maleimide). Histochemical studies, including blocking thiols with N-ethyl maleimide (NEM), indicated that thiols were not necessary for silver staining, and that proteins in the RBs and nucleoli reacting with coumarin maleimide were not acid extractable.

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Allen, R.L., Olins, D.E. Cytochemistry of the chromatin replication band in hypotrichous ciliated protozoa staining with silver and thiol-specific coumarin maleimide. Chromosoma 91, 82–86 (1984). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00286488

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  • Thiol
  • Developmental Biology
  • Coumarin
  • Thiol Group
  • Acid Extract