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Cell-specific variation of X chromosome replication in the Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus)

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Abstract

The sub-division of S-phase in Syrian hamsters, on the basis of BrdU/Hoechst 33258/Giemsa banding, has allowed a quantitative comparison of the replication of individual chromosome bands within defined subphases of S. This analysis has shown that in hamsters, as has been reported in humans, there are distinct patterns of early replication in vitro in the early X, the late X in fibroblasts, and the late X in lymphocytes. In addition, it has been possible to show that, although the pattern of replication of the late X in fibroblasts differs from that in lymphocytes, the time in S at which bands first appear on this chromosome is the same in the two cell types. — No significant heterogeneity can be ascribed to differences between individuals, adult or embryonic sources, culture media, or time of exposure to BrdU. — The absence of any detectable heterogeneity in the replication band frequencies in autosomal heterochromatic arms suggests that the cell-specific variability of the late-replicating X is a feature of facultative rather than constitutive heterochromatin.

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References

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Cawood, A.H. Cell-specific variation of X chromosome replication in the Syrian hamster (Mesocricetus auratus). Chromosoma 84, 365–372 (1981). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00286026

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Keywords

  • Band Frequency
  • Developmental Biology
  • Distinct Pattern
  • Significant Heterogeneity
  • Quantitative Comparison