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Genetic variation in the subunits of globulin-1 storage protein of French bean

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Charge and molecular weight heterogeneity of globulin-1 (G1) polypeptides of the bean, Phaseolus vulgaris L., were revealed by sodium dodecyl sulphate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Different bean cultivars were classified into three groups: ‘Tendergreen’, ‘Sanilac’, and ‘Contender’ on the basis of their protein subunit composition. Nine distinct major bands: α51,α49, α48.5,β48T, β48S, β47, γ45.5, γ45S, and γ45C, and two minor bands: γ46T and γ46S were found to account for the three profiles seen on one-dimensional SDS-PAGE. Two-dimensional analysis revealed these eleven protein bands to be composed of a minimum of fourteen distinct protein subunits. The ‘Tendergreen’ and ‘Sanilac’ types differ in their G1 polypeptide composition. The protein patterns of the ‘Contender’ types are intermediate, containing many protein subunits found in the patterns of the ‘Tendergreen’ and ‘Sanilac’ types suggesting a genetic and evolutionary relationship.

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Communicated by O.E. Nelson

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Brown, J.W.S., Ma, Y., Bliss, F.A. et al. Genetic variation in the subunits of globulin-1 storage protein of French bean. Theoret. Appl. Genetics 59, 83–88 (1981). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00285895

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Key words

  • Phaseolus vulgaris
  • Storage proteins
  • Electrophoresis
  • Genetic variation
  • Banding types