, Volume 88, Issue 3, pp 208–215 | Cite as

Chromosome and C-heterochromatin polymorphisms in the Italian newt, Triturus italicus

  • Stefania Bucci-Innocenti
  • Matilde Ragghianti
  • Giorgio Mancino


A combined chromosome and C-heterochromatin polymorphism in pair 12 in the complement of the newt species, T. italicus is described. The C-heterochromatin polymorphism is presumably due to a loss in the proximal C-band, whereas the chromosomal polymorphism has its origin in two different independent pericentric inversions both including the centromere and the proximal C-band of chromosome 12. The double-inversion polymorphism has a wide distribution over the range and follows a clear bipolarity between a northern area where the karyotype is homomorphic for the standard type of pair 12 (ST/ST) and an opposite area where the ST type is completely replaced by variant M1 and M2 metacentric chromosomes 12. Various karyophylogenies are possible, but the simplest and the most probable presumes an ancestral karyotype of ST/ST and a mechanism of gradual replacement of the heterobrachial chromosome ST by two independent pericentric inversions. The present data are discussed in relation to existing theories on karyological evolution of Urodeles and the functional significance of telocentric chromosomes suggested by Sessions et al. (1982).


Developmental Biology Wide Distribution Functional Significance Northern Area Pericentric Inversion 
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Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 1983

Authors and Affiliations

  • Stefania Bucci-Innocenti
    • 1
  • Matilde Ragghianti
    • 1
  • Giorgio Mancino
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Histology and EmbryologyUniversity of PisaPisaItaly

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