Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Effect of sublethal concentrations of mercury on the composition of liver, muscles and ovary of Notopterus notopterus


The present investigation was undertaken to evaluate the effect of sublethal concentrations (0.088 and 0.044 mg 1−1, i.e., 1/5th and 1/10th fraction of 96 h LC50) of mercuric chloride on Ca, inorganic phosphate, water content, ash, glycogen, Fe, total protein, lipid contents and vitamin A, C, D, and E of liver, muscles and ovary of the freshwater fish Notopterus notopterus exposed for 30 days. The results obtained indicate that Ca, inorganic phosphate, water, ash, glycogen, Fe, total protein contents and vitamin D decreased significantly or insignificantly in these tissues of the Hg exposed fishes. However, lipid content increased in liver and muscles, but decreased in the ovaries. Vitamin A and D increased in the liver but decreased in the muscles and ovaries. Moreover, vitamin E increased in all the tissues of the fish exposed to 0.088 mg 1−1 and decreased in the fish exposed to 0.044 mg 1−1 of Hg concentrations.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. ABCM-SAC Joint Committee: 1965, Analyst 81, 176.

  2. Chatterjee, G. C.: 1967, ‘Effect of Ascorbic Acid Deficiency in Animals’, in W. H. Sebrell, Jr. and R. S. Harris (eds.), The Vitamins, Vol. I, Chemistry, Physiology, Pathology, Methods, Academic Press, New York, pp. 407–485.

  3. Dubois, M., Gilles, K. A., Hamilton, J. K., Reebers, P. A., and Smith, F.: 1956, Anal. Chem. 28, 350.

  4. Fisher, R. A.: 1950, Statistical Methods for Research Workers, 11th ed. (Oliver and Boyd) London.

  5. Fiske, C. H. and Subbarow, Y.: 1925, J. Biol. Chem. 66, 375.

  6. Fox, M. R. S., Fry, B. E., Jr., Harland, B. F., Schertel, M. E., and Weeks, C. E.: 1971, J. Nutr. 101, 1295.

  7. Halver, J. E.: 1970, Marine Aquiculture, in W. J. McNeil (ed.), Oreg. State U.P., Corvallis, pp. 75–102.

  8. Harper, H. A.: 1971, Review of Physiological Chemistry, Lange Medical Publications, Los Altos, California.

  9. Havu, N.: 1969, Acta Endocrinol. Suppl. 139, 1.

  10. Higashi, H., Hirao, S., Yamado, J., Kikuchi, R., Nouguchi, H., and Izuko, M.: 1960, Bull. Tokae Reg. Fish. Res. Lab. 27, 61.

  11. Larsson, A., Bengtsson, B., and Svanberg, O.: 1976, ‘From Effects of Pollutants on Aquatic Organisms’, in A. P. M. Lockwood (ed.), Soc. for Exptl. Biol. Seminar Series, Vol. 2, Camb. Univ. Press.

  12. Lowry, O. H., Rosenbrough, N. J., Farr, A. L., and Randall, R. J.: 1951, J. Biol. Chem. 193, 265.

  13. Maynard, L. A. and Looshi, J. K.: 1962, Animal Nutrition, McGraw-Hill, New York.

  14. Milman, A. E., Treacy, A. M., and Milhorat, A. T.: 1954, Fed. Proc. 13, 100.

  15. Mustafa, S. J. and Chandra, S. V.: 1972, Arch. Toxicol. 28, 277.

  16. Orr, J. W., Price, D. E., and Strickland, L. W.: 1948, J. Pathol. Bacterial. 60, 573.

  17. Oser, B. L.: 1965, Hawk's Physiological Chemistry, 14th ed., Tata McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.

  18. Porter, K. R. and Bruni, C.: 1959, Cancer Res. 19, 997.

  19. Prosser, C. L.: 1973, Comparative Animal Physiology, Saunders, W. B., Philadelphia, 3rd ed., pp. 46–106.

  20. Sastry, K. V. and Gupta, P. K.: 1979, Environm. Res. 19, 221.

  21. Schachter, S., Kimberg, L., and Schenker, L. S.: 1961, Am. J. Physiol. 200, 1263.

  22. Schwartz, K.: 1961, Fed. Proc. 20, 606.

  23. Smuckler, E. A., Iseri, O. A., and Bendilt, E. P.: 1962, J. Exp. Med. 116, 55.

  24. Slater, J. V.: 1961, Copeia, p. 158.

  25. Sugawara, N. and Sugawara, C.: 1975, Bull. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 14, 653.

  26. Verma, S. R., Jain, M., and Dalela, R. C.: 1982, Toxicol. Lett. 10, 25.

  27. Wedemeyer, G.: 1969, Comp. Biochem. Physiol. 29, 1247.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Verma, S.R., Tonk, I.P. Effect of sublethal concentrations of mercury on the composition of liver, muscles and ovary of Notopterus notopterus . Water Air Soil Pollut 20, 287–292 (1983).

Download citation


  • Lipid
  • Inorganic Phosphate
  • Chloride
  • Mercury
  • Protein Content