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Snow contamination by heavy metals and sulphur in Cracow agglomeration (Southern Poland)

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Abstract

The concentration of heavy metals (Cd, Pb, Zn, Fe), light metals (Ca, Mg), sulphate (SO inf4 sup2− ) and pH in snow samples collected along 35 km transect from a large steel mill was determined. The concentration of heavy metals, light metals and sulphate decreased with the increasing distance from the emittors, whereas the snow acidity increased. Significant differences in the concentration of pollutants in snow between forest and open stands, between deciduous and mixed forests as well as with the date of snow collection were found.

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Zajac, P.K., Grodzińska, K. Snow contamination by heavy metals and sulphur in Cracow agglomeration (Southern Poland). Water Air Soil Pollut 17, 269–280 (1982). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00283157

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Keywords

  • Sulphate
  • Heavy Metal
  • Acidity
  • Agglomeration
  • Mixed Forest