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Further delineation of X-linked mental retardation

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Summary

Chromosomal, clinical, and psychological data are presented on members of six families with X-linked mental retardation. Affected males in three of these families express the fra(X)(q28) marker, while the retarded males in the other three do not. Similar variable physical and psychological charateristics, such as lop ears, large testes, and perseverative speech, are present in affected males in all six families. Preliminary analysis of the psychological data also shows that males with and without marker expression cannot be differentiated with certainty. On this basis we suggest that there is a type of X-linked mental retardation with many phenotypic features of marker-X mental retardation but without expression of the X chromosome fragile site.

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Correspondence to D. S. Herbst.

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Herbst, D.S., Dunn, H.G., Dill, F.J. et al. Further delineation of X-linked mental retardation. Hum Genet 58, 366–372 (1981). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00282817

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Keywords

  • Fragile Site
  • Testicular Volume
  • Obligate Carrier
  • Peabody Picture Vocabulatory Test
  • Chromosome Fragile Site