Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

The cytology of Brachycome lineariloba

2. The chromosome species and their relationships

  • 40 Accesses

  • 17 Citations


A study of approximately 300 plants in the taxonomic species B. lineariloba is reported. Five biological species differing in chromosome number exist in this species complex. The species with the lowest number (species A, n = 2) often carries B chromosomes, which may be large, or minute. It also exists in three racial forms which differ in karyotype. Observations on naturally occurring hybrids in zones of overlap show that two of the races differ by an unequal interchange. — The species with n = 8 (species C) is probably of amphidiploid origin from the cross A X B. Species B, E and D, with n = 6, 5 and 4 respectively, may represent a series of reductions in chromosome number. They show close karyotypic relationships. The relationship of species A with D, E and B is obscure.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Davis, G. L.: A revision of the genus Brachycome. Proc. Linn. Soc., N. S. Wales 73, 142–241 (1948).

  2. Essad, S., Arnaux, J., Maia, N.: Contrôle de validité des caryogrammes. Chromosoma (Berl.) 20, 202–220 (1966).

  3. Jackson, R. C.: A study of meiosis in Haplopappus gracilis (Compositae). Amer. J. Bot. 46, 550–554 (1959).

  4. — Supernumerary chromosomes in Haplopappus gracilis. Evolution (Lancaster, Pa.) 14, 135 (1960).

  5. Jackson, R. C.: Interspecific hybridisation in Haplopappus and its bearing on chromosome evolution in the Blepharodon section. Amer. J. Bot. 49, 119–132 (1962).

  6. A cytogenetic study of a three-paired race of Haplopappus gracilis. Amer. J. Bot. 52, 946–953 (1965).

  7. Lewis, F. H.: Catastrophic selection as a factor in speciation. Evolution (Lawrence, Kans.) 16, 257–271 (1962).

  8. Newcomer, E. H.: A new cytological and histological fixing fluid. Science 118, 161 (1953).

  9. Patau, K. A.: The identification of individual chromosomes, especially in man. Amer. J. hum. Genet. 12, 250–276 (1960).

  10. Smith-White, S.: Brachycome lineariloba. A species for experimental cytogenetics. Chromosoma (Berl.) 23, 359–364 (1968).

  11. -Carter, C. R., Stace, H. M.: The cytology of Brachycome. Austr. J. Bot. (in press, 1970).

  12. Stebbins, G. L.: Longevity, habitat and release of genetic variability in higher plants. Cold Spr. Harb. Symp. quant. Biol. 23, 365–378 (1958).

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Smith-White, S., Carter, C.R. The cytology of Brachycome lineariloba . Chromosoma 30, 129–153 (1970). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00281996

Download citation


  • Lower Number
  • Developmental Biology
  • Chromosome Number
  • Species Complex
  • Biological Species