Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Relative efficiency of two mating systems and selection procedures for yield improvement in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.)

  • 42 Accesses

  • 2 Citations


The relative efficiences of the biparental mating systems and selfing series in connection with phenotypic and geno-phenotypic selection procedures were evaluated for yield improvement in a cross ‘HP1102’ X ‘CPAN 1681’ of wheat. Two selection cycles having a 4 per cent selection intensity for grain yield were carried out following both selection procedures under the two mating systems. Following these selection procedures, a greater improvement for grain yield could be achieved with the biparental mating system than with the selfing series. During the first selection cycle, the geno-phenotypic selection procedure had an edge over phenotypic selection procedure. The realized response due to the second cycle of selection and the predicted response for the third selection cycle indicated that the phenotypic selection procedure is more efficient than the geno-phenotypic selection procedure. It is suggested that selection following intermating in early segregating generations is able to overcome several inherent limitations of the simple pedigree method as it is possible to increase genetic variation and to concentrate favourable genes and gene combinations for grain yield. An increase in grain yield was, in general, accompanied by an increase in plant height, peduncle length, 100 grain weight, tiller number and biological yield. Therefore, it is suggested that an index comprised of grain yield, plant height, tiller number, grain weight and biological yield could be used for selecting high yielding genotypes of suitable height.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Al-Jibouri NA, Miller PA, Robinson HP (1958) Genotypic and environmental variance and covariances in an upland cotton cross of interspecific origin. Agron J 50:633–637

  2. Bailey TB, Comstock RE (1976) Linkage and synthesis of better genotypes in self-fertilizing species. Crop Sci 16: 363–373

  3. Burton GW, De Vane EH (1953) Estimating heritability in tall fescue (Festuca arundinaceae) from replicated clonal material. Agron 145:474–478

  4. CIMMYT Review (1978) El Batan, Mexico, p 57

  5. CIMMYT Review (1979) El Batan, Mexico, p 61

  6. DeWit CT (1967) Photosynthesis: its relationship to overpopulation. In: Pietro A, Green FA, Army TJ (eds) Harvesting the sun, pp 315–320

  7. Gill KS (1979) Research on dwarf wheats. I.C.A.R. New Delhi, India, p 127

  8. Gill KS, Bains SS, Singh G, Bains KS (1973) Partial diallel test-crossing for yield and its components in Triticum aestivum L. In: Sears ER, Sears LMS (eds) Proc 4th Int Wheat Genet Symp. University of Missouri, Columbia, Mo, pp 29–33

  9. Jensen NF (1970) A diallel selective mating system for cereal breeding. Crop Sci 10:629–635

  10. Johnson HW, Robinson HF, Comstock RE (1955) Estimates of genetic and environmental variability in soybeans. Agron J 47:314–318

  11. Joshi AB, Dhawan NL (1966) Genetic improvement in yield with special reference to self-fertilizing crops. Indian J Genet 26A:101–113

  12. Kulshrestha VP, Jain HK (1982) Eighty years of wheat breeding in India: past selection pressures and future prospects. Z Pflanzenzücht 89:19–30

  13. Loomis RS, Williams WA, Hall AE (1971) Agricultural productivity. Annu Rev Plant Physiol 22:431–468

  14. MacKey J (1963) Autogamous plant breeding on already hybrid material. In: Recent plant breeding research, Svalof, 1946–61. Wiley and Sons, New York, pp 73–88

  15. Mather K, Jinks JL (1971) Biometrical genetics, 2nd edn. Chapman and Hall, London

  16. Miller RA, Rawlings JO (1967) Break up of initial linkage blocks through intermating in a cotton breeding population. Crop Sci 7:199–204

  17. Moll RH, Lindsey MF, Robinson HF (1964) Estimates of genetic variance and level of dominance in maize. Züchter 37:193–199

  18. Moss DN, Musgrave RB (1971) Photosynthesis and crop production. Adv Agron 23:317–334

  19. Murty BR, Arunachalam V, Anand IJ (1967) Diallel and partial diallel analysis of some yield factors in Linum usitatissimum L. Heredity 22:35–42

  20. Nasyrov YS (1978) Genetic control of photosynthesis and crop productivity. Annu Rev Plant Physiol 29:215–237

  21. Palmer TP (1953) Progressive improvement in self-fertilized crops. Heredity 7:127–129

  22. Randhawa AS, Gill KS (1978) Genetic variability and interrelationships under different mating systems in wheat (1). Genet Agrar 32:287–297

  23. Thakare RB, Qualset CO (1978) Empirical evaluation of single-plant and family selection strategies in wheat. Crop Sci 18:115–118

Download references

Author information

Additional information

Communicated by G. S. Khush

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Balyan, H.S., Verma, A.K. Relative efficiency of two mating systems and selection procedures for yield improvement in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). Theoret. Appl. Genetics 71, 111–118 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00278261

Download citation

Key words

  • Mating systems
  • Selection procedures
  • Selection efficiency
  • Correlated response
  • Triticum aestivum L.