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Experimental comparison of methods for simultaneous selection of two correlated traits in Tribolium

1. Empirical and theoretical selection indexes

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Two lines of Tribolium castaneum were selected in each of three replicates for egg laying between 7 and 11 days after adult emergency and for adult weight at 12 days, using theoretical (IT) and empirical (IP) index selection methods. Index coefficients were given empirically in the IP line and they were adjusted in the successive generations of selection according to the results obtained in the previous ones. Highly repeatable selection responses in all replicates occurred in both lines for the aggregate genotype (egg laying plus adult weight) and for each individual trait. The IP line tended to increase slightly more than the IT line for aggregate genotype and egg laying, while the highest response in adult weight was obtained with the IT method. The two methods gave consistently different responses in each replicate. The expected results were that IT selection should not exceed IP selection for the aggregate genotype and egg laying while theoretically the IT method should have been superior for increase adult weight. Theoretical expectations for adult weight have been fulfilled in practice. The IP method would be preferred in a practical sense because of its simplicity and freedom from need of parameter estimation.

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Communicated by H. Abplanalp

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Campo, J.L., Rodriguez, M.C. Experimental comparison of methods for simultaneous selection of two correlated traits in Tribolium . Theoret. Appl. Genetics 71, 93–100 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00278259

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Key words

  • Selection indexes
  • Sampling errors
  • Correlated traits
  • Tribolium