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Trisomics from triploid-diploid crosses in self-incompatible Lycopersicum peruvianum

I. Essential features of aneuploids and of self-compatible trisomics

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Summary

An attempt was carried out to produce trisomics of the wild tomato L. peruvianum, to define their essential features, and to detect relationships between trisomy and the expression of self-compatibility.

Triploid-diploid crosses in L. peruvianum yielded nearly 40% aneuploids. Of these, 18% were single trisomics, and the rest had 2, 3 and 4 extra chromosomes. Almost all the trisomics occurred in crosses where the triploid was used as female parent. Vigour and fertility of trisomics were not much different from those of disomics, and morphologically they were very similar.

The extra chromosome was identified in three self-compatible trisomic plants through somatic and pachytene chromosome morphology. One of these plants was trisomic for chromosome 1, while the other two were trisomic for chromosome 3. In these trisomics a positive correlation was found between chromosome length and trivalent formation, but no relationship between chromosome length and frequency of laggards was observed.

A series of test-crosses revealed that the capacity of the trisomics to produce seed upon selfing always resulted from alterations of the incompatibility phenotype of the style and not from competitive interaction in the pollen. Progeny analyses showed that the self-compatibility features of the trisomics were not transmitted from one generation to the next. The implications of these findings are discussed.

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This work has been supported by a contract between the European Communities and the CNEN. This publication is contribution no. 1458 from the Biology Division of the European Communities and contribution no. 472 from the Divisione Applicazioni delle Radiazioni del CNEN.

Communicated by H.F. Linskens

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Sree Ramulu, K., Carluccio, F., de Nettancourt, D. et al. Trisomics from triploid-diploid crosses in self-incompatible Lycopersicum peruvianum . Theoret. Appl. Genetics 50, 105–119 (1977). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00276804

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Key words

  • Lycopersiaum peruvianum
  • Aneuploids
  • Trisomics
  • Self compatibility
  • Specificities