Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Linear differentation of cereal chromosomes

III. Rye, triticale and ‘Aurora’ variety

  • 38 Accesses

  • 17 Citations

Summary

The BSG test was used in an investigation of the linear differentiation in rye variety ‘Zhitkinskaya’, common wheat variety ‘Aurora’ and two secondary Triticale namely AD-196 and F-1239.

Chromosomes of ‘Aurora’ variety and wheat chromosomes within Triticale may be easily divided into “constant” and ‘variable’ chromosomes as described previously (lordansky et al. 1977; Zurabishvili et al 1977).

It is necessary to emphasize that the diversity of “variable” chromosomes underlies karyotypical polymorphism within wheat and Triticale species. The polymorphism observed exists in parallel with strict homomorphism of homologous chromosomes.

In IB chromosomes of ‘Aurora’ variety, the short arm is substituted by the rye chromosome arm. The karyotype of Triticale AD-196 consists of six pairs of rye chromosomes and fifteen pairs of wheat chromosomes.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

Literature

  1. Ahokas, H.: Cytology of hexaploid cranberry with special reference to chromosomal fibers. Hereditas 68, 123–136 (1971)

  2. Bennet, M.D.; Smith, J.B.: Confirmation of the identification of the rye chromosome in 1B/1R wheatrye chromosome substitution and translocation lines. Canad. J. Genet. Cytol. 17, 117–120 (1975)

  3. Darlington, C.D.; Haque, A.: Organisation of DNA synthesis in rye chromosomes. Chromosomes today 1, 102–107 (1966)

  4. Du Praw, E.J.: DNA and Chromosomes. New York: Reinshart Winston 1970

  5. Fyodorova, T.N.: Wheat-rye amphidiploid (Triticale): advances and prospects. Genetika 9 (9), 153–167 (in Russian) (1973)

  6. Gill, B.S.; Kimber, G.: The giemsa C-banded karyotype of rye. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci., (USA) 71, 1247–1249 (1974a)

  7. Gill, B.S.; Kimber, G.: Giemsa C-banding and the evolution of wheat. Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. (USA) 71, 4086–4090 (1974)

  8. Godin, D.E.; Stack, S.M.: Heterochromatic connectives between the chromosomes of Secale cereale. Canad. J. Genet. Cytol. 17, 269–273 (1975)

  9. Iordansky, A.B.; Zurabishvili, T.G.; Badaev, N.S.: Linear differentiation of cereal chromosomes. I. Common wheat and its supposed ancestors. Theor. Appl. Genet. 51., 145–152 (1978)

  10. Kaltsikes, P.; Evans, L.; Larter, E.: Morphological and meiotic characteristics of extracted AABB tetraploid component of three varieties of common wheat. Canad. J. Genet. Cytol. II, 65–71 (1969)

  11. Kostov, D.: Wheat origin and breeding from the cytogenetic point of view. Izv. AN SSSR, otd. biol. 1, 56–93 (in Russian) (1940)

  12. Lejeune, J.: Le caryotype humain normal. In: Les chromsomes humains, Turpin R. et Lejeune, J., Paris, pp. 45–77, 1965

  13. Lelley, T.: Identification of added rye chromosomes in wheat. Proc. 4th Inter. Wheat Genet. Symp. 697–701 (1973)

  14. Lima-de-Faria, A.: Differential uptake of tritiated thymidine into hetero- and euchromatin in Melanoplus and Secale. J. Biochem. Biophys. Cytol. 6, 457–466 (1959)

  15. Lima-de-Faria, A.; Jaworska, H.: The relation between the chromosome size gradient and the sequence of DNA replication in rye. Hereditas 70, 39–58 (1972)

  16. Lukyanenko, P.P.: Breeding of new varieties of intensive type fall wheat. Vestnik selskokhoz. nauki 1, 54–61 (in Russian) (1970)

  17. Makhalin, M.A.: On the genome formulae of hexaploid and tetraploid wheat and certain forms of Triticale. In: Selektsiya otdelnykh gibridov i poliploidov (ed. N.V. Tsitsin), USSR Academy of Sciences, Moscow (in Russian) (1974)

  18. Mayfield, J.E.; Ellison, J.R.: The organization of interphase chromatin in Drosophilidae. The self adhesion of chromatin containing the same DNA sequences. Chromosoma 52, 37–48 (1975)

  19. Merker, A.: Identification of aneuploids in a line of hexaploid Triticale. Hereditas 74, 1–6 (1973)

  20. Merker, A.: A Giemsa technique for rapid identification of chromosomes in Triticale. Hereditas 75, 280–282 (1973a)

  21. Merker, A.: Chromosome composition of hexaploid triticale. Hereditas 80, 41–52 (1975)

  22. Mettin, D.; Bluthner, W.D.; Schlegel, G.: Additional evidence on spontaneous IB/IR wheat-rye substitution and translocations. Proc. 4th Int. Wheat Genet. Symp. 179–184 (1973)

  23. Natarajan, A.T.; Ahstrom, G.: The localization of radiation induced chromosome aberrations in relation to the distribution of heterochromatin in Secale cereale. Chromosoma 30, 250–257 (1970)

  24. Pisarev, B.E.; Zhilkina, M.D.: Triticale (2n = 42). Genetika 4, 3–12 (in Russian) (1967)

  25. Prokofieva-Belgovskaya, A.A.: The nature of associations of human acrocentric chromosomes. Tsitologiya 8, 169–178 (in Russian) (1966)

  26. Ranjekar, P.K.; Lafontaine, J.G.; Pallota, D.: Characterisation of repetitive DNA in rye (Secale cereale) Chromosoma 48, 427–440 (1974)

  27. Sapegin, A.A.: Characteristics of segregation of common and durum wheat hybrids. Transactions of the Institute of Genetics 12, 6–66 (in Russian) (1938)

  28. Sarma, N.P.; Natarajan, A.T.: Identification of heterochromatic regions in the chromosomes of rye. Hereditas 74, 233–238 (1973)

  29. Schapova, A.I.: Differential staining of plant chromosomes. I. Secale cereale, Tsitologiya 16, 370–372 (in Russian) (1974)

  30. Shmargon, E.N.: New data on the morphology of rye chromosomes. DAN SSSR 20, 43–45 (in Russian) (1938)

  31. Shulyndin, A.F.: The synthesis of trispecies and wheat-rye amphidiploids. Genetika 6 (6), 23–25 (in Russian) (1970)

  32. Shulyndin, A.F.: Wheat-rye allopolyploid (Triticale) in relation to the problems of winter resistance, immunity, quality and yield of cereals. Genetika 8 (12), 61–74 (in Russian) (1972)

  33. Shigenaga, S.; Larter, E.H.: Karyotype analysis of hexaploid triticale. Canad. J. Genet. Cytol. 13, 585–591 (1971)

  34. Shigenaga, S.; Larter, E.N.; McGinnis, R.C.: Identification of chromosomes contributing to aneuploidy in hexaploid Triticale, cultivar ‘Rosner’, Canad. J. Genet. Cytol. 13, 592–596 (1971)

  35. Sisodia, N.; McGinnis, R.: New methods of utilizing wheat and rye germ plasm in Tritical breeding. Crop. Sci. 10, 163–164 (1960)

  36. Tudose, J.: Studiul cariotipuluid la Secale cereale L. (2n = 14). Analele Stiiutifice Universitatii. “AlJ. Cuza”. (sℰ novă), 16, 235–248 (1970)

  37. Turbin, N.V.; Shilko, T.S.: Effects of prior intervarietal hybridization on the crosses between common and durum wheat. In: “Otdalennaya gibridizatsiya rasteniy”. “Kolos” publishing house, Moscow (in Russian) 1970

  38. Vavilov, N.I.; Yakushina, O.V.: On the phylogenesis of wheat. Hybridological analysis of T.persicum Vav. and interspecific hybridization of wheat. Trudy Prikl. Bot. Can. Sel. 15 (1), 3–159 (in Russian) (1925)

  39. Verma, S.C.; Rees, H.: Giemsa staining and distribution of heterochromatin in rye chromosomes. Heredity 32: 118–120 (1974)

  40. Wagenaar, E.B.: End-to-end chromosome attachments in mitotic interphase and their possible significance to meiotic chromosome pairing. Chromosoma 26, 410–426 (1969)

  41. Weimark, A.: Elimination of wheat and rye chromosomes in a stain of octoploid Triticale as revealed by Giemsa banding technique. Hereditas 77, 281–286 (1974)

  42. Weimark, A.: Heterochromatin polymorphism in the rye karyotype as detected by Giemsa C-banding. Hereditas 79, 293–300 (1975)

  43. Yunis, J.J.; Yasminech, W.G.: Heterochromatin, satellite DNA and cell function. Science 174, 1200–1209 (1971)

  44. Zurabishvili, T.G.; Iordansky, A.B.; Badaev, N.S.: Polykaryogram analysis and investigation of differential staining of Triticum aestivun L. chromosomes. DAN SSR 218, 207–210 (in Russian) (1974)

  45. Zurabishvili, T.G.; Iordansky, A.B.; Badaev, N.S.: Linear differentiation of cereal chromosomes. II. Polyploid wheat. Theor. Appl. Genet. 51, 201–210 (1978)

Download references

Author information

Additional information

Communicated by D.K. Belyaev

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Iordansky, A.B., Zurabishvili, T.G. & Badaev, N.S. Linear differentation of cereal chromosomes. Theoret. Appl. Genetics 51, 281–288 (1978). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00274816

Download citation

Key words

  • Linear Differentiation
  • BSG Test
  • Constant and Variable Chromosomes