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Lessons from the NOD mouse for the pathogenesis and immunotherapy of human Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus

Summary

Suitable animal models of human Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus have long been sought, in particular a model that would permit detailed histological and immunological investigation of changes in the islet preceding the metabolic disorder. This would allow hypotheses as to pathogenesis of the condition to be examined and interventions such as immunotherapy to be tested. The most widely studied models include the low-dose streptozotocin induced diabetic mouse and the BB rat, but both differ in important respects from the human disease. In this review we describe one highly successful model, the non obese diabetic mouse. Selected aspects of pathogenesis and immunotherapy are presented and analogies with human Type 1 diabetes discussed.

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Lampeter, E.F., Signore, A., Gale, E.A.M. et al. Lessons from the NOD mouse for the pathogenesis and immunotherapy of human Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus. Diabetologia 32, 703–708 (1989). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00274528

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Key words

  • Non obese diabetic (NOD) mouse
  • pathogenesis Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes mellitus
  • immunotherapy Type 1 diabetes