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Anthraquinones as phytoalexins in cell and tissue cultures of Cinchona spec.

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Abstract

The addition of autoclaved mycelia of Aspergillus niger and the known phytopathogenic fungus Phytophtora cinnamomi to cultured cells of Cinchona ledgeriana Moens. caused a marked increase in the anthraquinone content of the plant cells. This finding in combination with the antimicrobial activity of the anthraquinones isolated from calli of Cinchona pubescens Vahl. led to the conclusion that anthraquinones are phytoalexins.

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Abbreviations

2,4-D:

2,4-dichlorophenoyacetic acid

TLC:

thin-layer chromatography

AQ:

anthraquinone

DW:

dry weight

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Author information

Correspondence to R. Wijnsma.

Additional information

Communicated by M. H. Zenk

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Wijnsma, R., Go, J.T.K.A., van Weerden, I.N. et al. Anthraquinones as phytoalexins in cell and tissue cultures of Cinchona spec.. Plant Cell Reports 4, 241–244 (1985). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00269367

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Keywords

  • Plant Cell
  • Tissue Culture
  • Antimicrobial Activity
  • Anthraquinone
  • Phytopathogenic Fungus