Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Sterols in seeds and leaves of oats (Avena sativa L.)


In seeds and leaves of oats (Avena sativa L.) 12 different sterols (cholesterol, cholstanol, Δ7-cholestenol, campesterol, campestanol, stigmasterol, lophenol, sitosterol, stigmastanol, Δ5-avenasterol, Δ7-avenasterol and Δ7-stigmastenol) have been identified. The sterol pattern is qualitatively the same, but the relative composition is different in leaves and in seeds. Leaves contain mainly sitosterol, stigmasterol, cholesterol and campesterol, but only minor portions of avenasterols. Seeds contain sitosterol, Δ5- and Δ7-avenasterol, campesterol, but only minor amounts of stigmasterol and cholesterol. In leaf lipids 1-hexacosanol (2.35 wt % of total lipid) has also been identified.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. Eichenberger W (1982) Plant Cell Reports 1:253–256

  2. Eichenberger W, Menke W (1966) Z. Naturforschung 21b: 859–867

  3. Goad LJ, Goodwin TW (1972) in: Reinhold L, Liwschitz Y (eds.) Progress in Phytochemistry, Vol. III, Interscience Publishers, London, pp 113–198

  4. Grunwald C (1975) Ann. Rev. Plant Physiol. 26:209–236

  5. Homberg E (1977) J. Chromatogr. 139: 77–84

  6. Karrer W, Hürlimann H, Cherbuliez E (1981) Konstitution und Vorkommen der organischen Pflanzenstoffe. Birkhäuser, Basel

  7. Knights BA (1965) Phytochemistry 4:857–862

  8. Knights BA (1967a) Phytochemistry 6:407–416

  9. Knights BA (1967b) J. Gas Chromatogr. 5:273–282

  10. Knights BA (1968) Phytochemistry 7:2067–2068

  11. Lichtenthaler HK, Bach TJ, Wellburn AR (1982) in: Wintermans JFGM, Kuiper PJC (eds.) Biochemistry and Metabolism of Plant Lipids, Elsevier Biomedical Press B.V., Amsterdam, pp 489–500

  12. Mercer EI, Bartlett K (1974) Phytochemistry 13:1099–1105

  13. Tulloch AP, Hoffmann LL (1973) Lipids 8:617–622

  14. Youngs VL, Püskülcü M, Smith RR (1977) Cereal Chem. 54:803–812

Download references

Author information

Additional information

Communicated by I. Potrykus

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Eichenberger, W., Urban, B. Sterols in seeds and leaves of oats (Avena sativa L.). Plant Cell Reports 3, 226–229 (1984).

Download citation


  • Lipid
  • Cholesterol
  • Total Lipid
  • Minor Amount
  • Sitosterol