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Demonstration of feline and canine platelet glycoproteins by immuno- and lectin histochemistry

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Abstract

Canine and feline platelet cytocentrifuge preparations (CCPs), cryostat and paraffin-embedded bone marrow sections were used in this study. We evaluated whether platelets, megakaryocytes and megakaryocyte precursor cells could be labelled by monoclonal antibodies (Y2/51, CLB-thromb/1, HPL1) against human platelet membrane glycoprotein GP IIIa and the GP IIb/IIIa complex or by the following 10 biotinylated lectins: concanavalin A (Con A), Lens culinaris agglutinin (LCA), Pisum sativum agglutinin (PsA), wheat germ agglutinin (WGA), peanut agglutinin (PNA), Phaseolus vulgaris lectin (PHA-L), Ricinus communis agglutinin 120 (RCA120), Ulex europaeus agglutinin — I(UEA-1), soybean agglutinin (SBA) and Dolichos biflorus agglutinin (DBA). Monoclonal antibodies Y2/51 and HPL1 cross reacted with platelets and megakaryocytic cells from both species, whereas CLB-thromb/1 was unreactive with canine preparations. Only Y2/51 labelled megakaryocytic cells in paraffin-embedded samples. LCA, PSA, WGA and PHA-L labelled feline and canine platelets and different numbers of morphologically identifiable megakaryocytes and numerous other, mostly myeloid, cells. Immunoblots of dog and cat platelet lysates using Y2/51 visualized a single protein of 95 kDa (unreduced), a mol·wt value within the range of those reported for GP IIIa. Some of the platelet (but not necessarily megakaryocyte) glycoproteins reacting with LCA, PSA and WGA could be identified in lectin blots following one- or two (nonreduced/reduced)-dimensional sodium dodecyl sulphatepolyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE). Thus in dogs and cats, the immunohistochemical detection of GP IIIa (and eventually GP IIb/IIIa) rather than lectin binding patterns could be important for the diagnosis of megakaryoblastic leukaemias.

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Correspondence to Jarig Darbès.

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Darbès, J., Colbatzky, F., Minkus, G. et al. Demonstration of feline and canine platelet glycoproteins by immuno- and lectin histochemistry. Histochemistry 100, 83–91 (1993). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00268881

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Keywords

  • Wheat Germ Agglutinin
  • Platelet Lysate
  • Dolichos Biflorus Agglutinin
  • Megakaryoblastic Leukaemia
  • Lectin Blot