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Gallium-67 citrate as an aid to the diagnosis of infection in hip surgery

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Summary

We have evaluated the use of Gallium-67 scans as an aid to the diagnosis of infection around the hip joint after operation. We performed 12 gallium-67 scintiscans on six patients with diaphyseal fractures of the femur or tibia reduced by external fixation, and 65 scintiscans on 60 hips after operation, which included 22 Moore's prosthesis, 31 total replacements, three nail-plates and four revisions of total replacements. We also scanned the healing surgical wounds in a further 11 patients.

Simple fractures or osteotomies did not lead to abnormal uptake of 67Ga. Although some uptake in the scar was encountered the surgical wound did not complicate the interpretation of the scan. When assessing infection in the hip operations the rate of true-positive was 11/11, or 100%. The false-positive rate could not be assessed until after at least one year's follow-up. It was certainly less than 14% immediately after operation and less than 6% when the scan was performed three months after operation. Four patients were found to have a loose prosthesis but had a normal scintiscan, as had three patients presenting with post-operative pain.

It appears that 67Ga is clinically an efficient means for early detection of infection about the operated hip, and is useful in the differential diagnosis of a painful hip after surgery.

Résumé

Le Gallium 67 a été testé comme moyen de diagnostic de l'infection après chirurgie de la hanche. Pour apprécier l'incidence de la consolidation osseuse, la présence de matériel étranger et la cicatrisation des tissus mous, 12 scan au Ga 67 ont été pratiqués dans des cas de fractures de fémur et de tibia, traités par fixateur externe, et 65 scan pour des hanches opérées par prothèses céphaliques (22), prothèses totales (31) et clou plaque (3), et présentant un descellement (4). Pour saisir l'incidence de la plaie chirurgicale, 11 scan ont été pratiqués dans des cas de chirurgie générale.

Il apparaît que les fractures ou les ostéotomies n'entraînent pas de positivé du scan après injection du Ga 67, de même que les plaies chirurgicales. 100% de vrais positifs sont obtenus dans les cas infectés. Dans les cas douloureux, que l'on sait cliniquement non infectés, on trouve 14% de faux positifs qui, 3 mois après l'intervention, se redressent à 6%. Dans quatre descellements de prothèses, le scan osseux au Ga 67 était négatif.

Le Ga 67 est un moyen efficace pour une détection précoce de l'infection dans la chirurgie de la hanche et est utile plus tard quand se pose le diagnostic différentiel de la hanche douloureuse.

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Correspondence to F. Crokaert.

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Crokaert, F., Schoutens, A., Wagner, J. et al. Gallium-67 citrate as an aid to the diagnosis of infection in hip surgery. International Orthopaedics 6, 163–169 (1982). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00267726

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Key words

  • Gallium-67 scans
  • Infection
  • Hip surgery