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A complex genetic locus controlling purine nucleotide biosynthesis in yeast


Mutants of the genes pur1 to pur6 excrete purine when in combination with the allele su-pur + and are resistant to growth inhibition by 8-azaadenine (8-AzAd) and 8-azaguanine (8-AzGu). In combination with su-pur, which suppresses purine excretion, pur1 and pur2 are analogue sensitive; pur3 is slightly resistant to 8-AzAd; pur4 is slightly resistant to both analogues and pur5 is completely resistant to 8-AzGu. Crosses of the pur mutants to dap, which causes sensitivity to 2,6-diaminopurine (2,6-DAP), guanine and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP), show that dap also suppresses purine excretion and is closely linked to pur6. In combination with dap, pur1 and pur3 are analogue sensitive; pur4 is hypersensitive to guanine but resistant to 6-MP; pur5 is resistant to 2,6-DAP and guanine whilst pur2 is hypersensitive to all three compounds.

The gene slw, which, like pur2, potentiates the effects of dap, also suppresses purine excretion but is not linked to any of the pur genes. The diploid slw/pur3 excretes purine.

Tests for functional allelism were carried out on the closely linked genotypes su-pur +, su-pur, dap, pur6, PUR6 and ade4. The results of these tests indicate that all six genotypes are functionally allelic. It is suggested that a molecular complex of the products of pur1, pur3, pur4, pur6 and slw is involved in the control of purine nucleotide biosynthesis in yeast.

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Lomax, C.A., Woods, R.A. A complex genetic locus controlling purine nucleotide biosynthesis in yeast. Molec. Gen. Genet. 120, 139–149 (1973).

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  • Nucleotide
  • Growth Inhibition
  • Purine
  • Guanine
  • Genetic Locus