Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Clinical evaluation of an electrical current stimulator in spinal fusions


Five patients with spondylolisthesis which caused symptoms were treated by spinal fusion and direct current bone-growth stimulation. After ten weeks bony fusion was observed and the patients returned to their normal activities. The implanted stimulator appears to promote early fusion.


Cinq malades présentant un spondylolisthésis symptomatique ont été traités par arthrodèse du rachis et stimulation électrique. La fusion a été obtenue en dix semaines et les opérés ont pu reprendre une activité normale. Le stimulateur à électrodes implantées paraît donc déterminer une fusion osseuse rapide.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.


  1. 1

    Bassett CAL, Pawluk RJ, Becker RO (1964) Effects of electrical currents on bone in vivo. Nature 204: 652–655

  2. 2

    Bassett CAL, Pilla AA, Pawluk RJ (1977) A non-operative salvage of surgical-resistant pseudarthroses and non-unions by pulsing electromagnetic fields. Clin Orthop 124: 128–143

  3. 3

    Bassett CAL, Mitchell SN, Schink MM (1982) Treatment of therapeutically resistant non-unions with bone grafts and pulsing electromagnetic fields. J Bone Joint Surg 64: 1214–1220

  4. 4

    Brighton CT, Friedenberg ZB, Zemsky LM, Pollis PR (1975) Direct-current stimulation on non-union and congenital pseudoarthrosis. J. Bone Joint Surg 57 A 368–377

  5. 5

    Brighton CT, Friedenburg ZB, Mitchell EI, Booth RE (1977) The treatment on non-union with constant direct current. Clin Orthop 124: 108–123

  6. 6

    Birghton CT, Black J, Friedenberg ZB, Esterhai JL, Day, JL, Connolly JF (1981) A multicenter study of the treatment of non-union with constant direct current. J Bone Joint Surg 63 A 2–13

  7. 7

    Dwyer AF, Wickham GG (1974) Direct current stimulation in spinal fusion. Med J Aus 1: 73–75

  8. 8

    Friedenberg ZB, Andrews ET, Smolenski BJ, Pearl BW, Brighton CT (1970) Bone reaction to varying amounts of direct current. Surg Gynecol Obstet 131: 894–899

  9. 9

    Kane WJ, Bell WF, Porter IS (1980) Supplementary electronic bone growth stimulation in lumbosacral fusions. Orthop Transac 4: 307–308

  10. 10

    Lavine LS, Lustrin I, Shamos MH, Moss ML (1971) The influence of electric current on bone regeneration in vivo. Acta Orthop Scand 42: 305–314

  11. 11

    Paterson DC, Lewis GN, Cass CA (1980) Treatment of congenital pseudoarthrosis of the tibia with direct current stimulation. Clin Orthop 148: 129–135

  12. 12

    Yasuda I, Noguchi K, Sata I (1955) Dynamic callus and electrical callus. J Bone Joint Surg 37: 1292, 1293

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Jacobo Nerubay.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Nerubay, J., Katznelson, A. Clinical evaluation of an electrical current stimulator in spinal fusions. International Orthopaedics 7, 239–242 (1984).

Download citation

Key words

  • Spinal fusion
  • Electrical stimulation
  • Bone growth