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Regulation and function of ferredoxin-linked versus cytochrome b-linked hydrogenase in electron transfer and energy metabolism of Methanosarcina barkeri MS

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Acetate-grown cells of Methanosarcina barkeri MS were found to form methane from H2:CO2 at the same rate as hydrogen-grown cells. Cells grown on acetate had similar levels of soluble F420-reactive hydrogenase I, and higher levels of cytochrome-linked hydrogenase II compared to hydrogen-grown cells. The hydrogenase I and II activities in the crude extract of acetate-grown cells were separated by differential binding properties to an immobilized Cu2+ column. Hydrogenase II did not react with ferredoxin or F420, whereas hydrogenase I coupled to both ferredoxin and F420. A reconstituted soluble protein system composed of purified CO dehydrogenase, F420-reactive hydrogenase I fraction, and ferredoxin produced H2 from CO oxidation at a rate of 2.5 nmol/min · mg protein. Membrane-bound hydrogenase II coupled H2 consumption to the reduction of CoM-S-S-HTP and the synthesis of ATP. The differential function of hydrogenase I and II is ascribed to ferredoxin-linked hydrogen production from CO and cytochrome b-linked H2 consumption coupled to methanogenesis and ATP synthesis, respectively.

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Correspondence to Gregory Zeikus.

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Kemner, J.M., Zeikus, G. Regulation and function of ferredoxin-linked versus cytochrome b-linked hydrogenase in electron transfer and energy metabolism of Methanosarcina barkeri MS. Arch. Microbiol. 162, 26–32 (1994). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00264369

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Key words

  • Methanosarcina barkeri
  • Hydrogenase
  • Regulation
  • ATP synthesis
  • Ferredoxin
  • F420