Advertisement

Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Against LF Pied-Piping

Abstract

The arguments for LF Pied-Piping given by Nishigauchi and others are represented. It is shown that Nishigauchi's semantics for pied-piped phrases gives the wrong meaning for interrogatives. We argue that none of the arguments for LF Pied-Piping is tenable and most of the arguments against the traditional approach (unbounded wh-movement at LF) do not stand up to scrutiny. However, some data turn out to be problematic for the traditional account. The alternative considered here involves pied-piping at an intermediate level between S-structure and LF. It is called WH-structure and is followed by reconstruction at LF. This proposal will combine the essential insights of Nishigauchi's idea and have all its advantages over the traditional view, without running into the problems of his approach.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Bayer, Josef: 1990, Directionality of Government and Logical Form: A Study of Focusing Particles and Wh-Scope, Habilitationsschrift, Universität Konstanz.

  2. Beck, Sigrid: 1993, ‘Interventionseffekte für LF-Bewegung’, unpublished manuscript, Universität Tübingen; to be published as ‘Quantified Structures as Barriers for LF Movement’ in NALS.

  3. Choe, J.-W.: 1987, ‘LF Movement and Pied-Piping’, Linguistic Inquiry 18, 348–353.

  4. Chomsky, Noam: 1981, Lectures on Government and Binding, Foris, Dordrecht.

  5. Chomsky, Noam: 1992, ‘A Minimalist Program for Linguistic Theory’, in MIT Occasional Papers in Linguistics 1, Department of Linguistics and Philosophy, MIT, Cambridge, Mass.

  6. Cooper, Robin and Terence, Parsons: 1976, ‘Montague Grammar, Generative Semantics and Interpretive Semantics’, in B. H. Partee (ed.), Montague Grammar, Academic Press, New York, pp. 311–362.

  7. Engdahl, Elisabeth: 1980, The Syntax and Semantics of Questions in Swedish, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

  8. Engdahl, Elisabeth: 1986, Constituent Questions: The Syntax and Semantics of Questions with Special Reference to Swedish, Reidel, Dordrecht.

  9. Fiengo, Robert, C.-T. James Huang, Howard Lasnik, and Tanya Reinhart: 1988, ‘The Syntax of Wh-in-Situ’, in Proceedings of the Seventh West Coast Conference on Formal Liguistics, pp. 81–98.

  10. Gallin, D.: 1975, Intensional and Higher Order Modal Logic, North-Holland, Amsterdam.

  11. Groenendijk, Jeroen and Martin, Stokhof: 1982, ‘Semantic Analysis of WH-complements’, Linguistics and Philosophy 5, 175–233.

  12. Hamblin, C. L.: 1976, ‘Questions in Montague English’, in B. H Partee (ed.), Montague Grammar, Academic Press, New York, pp. 247–259.

  13. Hasegawa, N.: 1986, ‘More Arguments for the Pied-Piping Analysis of wh-Questions in Japanese’, in N. Hasegawa and Y. Kitagawa (eds.), University of Massachusetts Occasional Papers in Linguistics 11, 79–107. GLSA, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

  14. Heim, Irene: 1982, The Semantics of Definite and Indefinite Noun Phrases, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

  15. Heim, Irene: 1989, Unpublished lecture notes to 23.956 Linguistics IV: Grammar-Semantics, MIT.

  16. Heim, Irene: 1990, ‘E-Type Pronouns and Donkey Anaphora’, Linguistics and Philosophy 13, 137–178.

  17. Heim, Irene: 1992, ‘The Problem of Pied-Piping’, lecture handout 17 Dec. 1992, MIT and Universität Tübingen.

  18. Higginbotham, James and Robert May: 1981, ‘Questions, Quantifiers and Crossing’, The Linguistic Review 1, 41–79.

  19. Huang, C.-T. James: 1982, Logical Relations in Chinese and the Theory of Grammar, Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.

  20. Kang, Jung-Goo and Gereon, Müller: 1994, ‘Kopiertheorie gegen Rekonstruktion’, Linguistische Berichte 152, 261–280.

  21. Karttunen, Lauri: 1977, ‘Syntax and Semantics of Questions’, Linguistics and Philosophy 1, 3–44.

  22. Lahiri, Utpal: 1991, ‘Embedded Interrogatives and Predicates That Embed Them’, Ph.D. dissertation, MIT.

  23. Link, Godehard: 1991, ‘The Logical Analysis of Plurals and Mass Terms: A Lattice-Theoretical Approach’, in R. Bäuerle, Ch. Schwarze and A. von Stechow (eds.), Meaning, Use and Interpretation of Language, de Gruyter, Berlin, pp. 302–323.

  24. May, Robert: 1985, Logical Form, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass.

  25. Montague, Richard: 1974, ‘The Proper Treatment of Quantification in Ordinary English’, in R. Thomason (ed.), Formal Philosophy: Selected Writings of Richard Montague, Yale University Press, New Haven, pp. 247–270.

  26. Müller, Gereon and Wolfgang, Sternefeld: 1991, ‘Scrambling as A-bar Movement’, in N. Corver and H. van Riemsdijk (eds.), Studies on Scrambling: Movement and Non-Movement Approaches to Free Word Order Phenomena, de Gruyter, Berlin, pp. 331–385.

  27. Müller, Gereon and Wolfgang, Sternefeld: 1993, ‘Improper Movement and Unambiguous Binding’, Linguistic Inquiry 24, 461–597.

  28. Nishigauchi, Taisuke: 1990, Quantification in the Theory of Grammar, Kluwer, Dordrecht.

  29. Ohno, Yutaka: 1991, ‘Arguments against Unselective Binding in Korean’, in S. Kuno et al. (eds.), Harvard Studies in Korean Linguistics, Hanshin Publishing, Seoul, pp. 553–562.

  30. Pesetsky, David: 1987, ‘WH-in-Situ: Movement and Unselective Binding’, in E. J. Reuland and A. ter Meulen (eds.), The Representation of (In)definiteness, MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., pp. 98–129.

  31. Riemsdijk, Henk van and Edwin, Williams: 1981, ‘NP-Structure’, The Linguistic Review 1, 171–217.

  32. Rooth, Mats: 1985, Association with Focus, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

  33. Rullmann, Hotze: 1995, Maximality and the Semantics of Wh-Constructions, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Massachusetts, Amherst.

  34. Saito, Mamoru: 1989, ‘Scrambling as Semantically Vacuous A′-Movement’, in A. Kroch (ed.), Alternative Conceptions of Phrase Structure, University of Chicago Press, Chicago.

  35. Saito, Mamoru: 1992, ‘Long-Distance Scrambling in Japanese’, Journal of East Asian Linguistics 1, 69–118.

  36. Watanabe, Akira: 1992, ‘Wh-in-Situ, Subjacency, and Chain Formation’ in MIT Occasional Papers in Linguistics 2, Department of Linguistics and Philosophy, MIT, Cambridge, Mass.

  37. Williams, Edwin: 1981, ‘Argument Structure and Morphology’, The Linguistic Review 1, 81–114.

  38. Zimmermann, Thomas E.: 1992, ‘On the Proper Treatment of Opacity in Certain Verbs’, Natural Language Semantics 1, 149–180.

Download references

Author information

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

von Stechow, A. Against LF Pied-Piping. Nat Lang Seman 4, 57–110 (1996). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00263537

Download citation

Keywords

  • Traditional Approach
  • Intermediate Level
  • Traditional View
  • Traditional Account
  • Essential Insight