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In vitro characterization of salt stress effects and the selection of salt tolerant plants in rice (Oryza sativa L.)


The response of plant cells to salt stress was studied on embryo derived calli of rice (Oryza sativa L.) in order to identify cellular phenotypes associated with the stress. The feasability of selecting salt tolerant callus and its subsequent regeneration to plants was also studied. Callus was grown on agar-solidified media containing 0%, 1% and 2% (w/v) NaCl for 24 days. Parameters such as fresh weight, dry weight, soluble protein and proline content were measured. The callus growth decreased markedly with increasing NaCl concentration in the medium. The proline content was enhanced several fold in salt stressed calli. A prolonged exposure of callus to the salt environment led to discolouration and arrested growth in the majority of the calli and only a small number of callus cells maintained healthy and stable growth. These variants were subcultured every three weeks for a period of four months onto medium containing 1% NaCl to identify tolerant lines. At the end of the third cell passage, the tolerant calli were transferred to regeneration medium to regenerate plants. The regeneration frequency in the salt-selected lines was enhanced when compared to unselected lines.

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Communicated by B.R. Murty

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Janardhan Reddy, P., Vaidyanath, K. In vitro characterization of salt stress effects and the selection of salt tolerant plants in rice (Oryza sativa L.). Theoret. Appl. Genetics 71, 757–760 (1986).

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Key words

  • Oryza sativa
  • Rice
  • Callus
  • Regeneration
  • Salt tolerance