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Mediastinal histoplasmosis presenting with esophageal involvement and dysphagia: Case study

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Abstract

Esophageal involvement with histoplasmosis is uncommon, but has been recognized in two clinical settings. Most commonly, the esophagus becomes involved as a result of contiguous mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Such patients usually present with dysphagia secondary to midesophageal compression or stricture. The esophagus can also be involved in cases of disseminated histoplasmosis. Esophageal ulcers or nodular lesions are the usual clinical manifestations in this setting. We report a case of mediastinal histoplasmosis with esophageal narrowing and mucosal ulceration that presented with dysphagia. The diagnosis was established at thoracotomy by the histologic finding of necrotizing granulomas and a positive fungal stain. The case was successfully treated with amphotericin B. The literature on esophageal and gastrointestinal histoplasmosis is reviewed.

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Correspondence to John B. Marshall MD, FACP, FACG.

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Marshall, J.B., Singh, R., Demmy, T.L. et al. Mediastinal histoplasmosis presenting with esophageal involvement and dysphagia: Case study. Dysphagia 10, 53–58 (1995). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00261282

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Key words

  • Histoplasmosis
  • Granulomatous diseases
  • Necrotizing granulomas
  • Esophageal stricture
  • Esophagitis
  • Dysphagia
  • Deglutition
  • Deglutition disorders