Springer Nature is making SARS-CoV-2 and COVID-19 research free. View research | View latest news | Sign up for updates

Composition and origin of underground arthropod fauna in an extrazonal permafrost soil of central Europe

  • 75 Accesses

  • 1 Citations

Summary

Evaporation cold brings about all-season icing of the soil that covers an aerated talus deposit (Mount Matzen, Carinthia, Austria; about 1100 m above sea level). This extrazonal permafrost area represents a very rare mire type (condensation water mire) as well as a particular sort of underground biotope, a milieu souterrain superficiel. The subterranean fauna is poor in species and is characterized by troglobitic artropods such as the catopid beetle Aphaobius milleri brevicornis, the dipluran Paurocampa n.sp. and the Collembola Onychiurus mildneri and O. vomatscheri. All these species were confirmed in neighbouring caves.

The thick talus layer has been accumulated under peri- and postglacial conditions. Today it spreads out over the karstic bedrock and covers the interconnected rock fissures, the source of the subterranean fauna. The Holocene origin of the talus mantle suggests a (sub-)recent colonization of the permafrost interstice by cave-dwelling species.

This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access.

References

  1. Christian E (1985) Zur Collembolenfauna eines Permafrostbodens in der Karawanken-Nordkette. Carinthia II (Klagenfurt) 175/95: 141–149

  2. Hölzel E (1963) Tierleben im Eiskeller der Matzen in der Karawankennordkette. Carinthia II 73:161–187

  3. Juberthie C, Delay B, Bouillon M (1980) Sur l'existence d'un milieu souterrain superficiel en zone non calcaire. CR Acad Sci (Paris) Sér D 290:49–52

  4. Scheiber H (1967) Geologie der Jauernik-Gruppe (Karawanken, Karnten). Mitt Ges Geol Bergbaustud (Wien) 17:169–196

  5. Schindler H, Kinzel H, Burian K (1976) Okophysiologische Untersuchungen an Pflanzen der Matzen-Eisstandorte. Carinthia II 166/86:269–307

  6. Steiner GM (1985) The hydrological mire types of Austria and their vegetation. Aquilo Ser Bot 21:53–60

Download references

Author information

Additional information

Dedicated to the late Prof. Dr. M.S. Ghilarov

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Christian, E. Composition and origin of underground arthropod fauna in an extrazonal permafrost soil of central Europe. Biol Fert Soils 3, 27–30 (1987). https://doi.org/10.1007/BF00260575

Download citation

Key words

  • Permafrost soil
  • Condensation water mire
  • Milieu souterrain superficiel
  • Cave fauna
  • Arthropods